Multiple Choice Questions
1. (p. 24) Sociobiologists study the _____ aspect of human sexual : 1411431
Multiple Choice Questions
1. (p. 24) Sociobiologists study the _____ aspect of human sexual behavior.
2. (p. 24) Which of the following is true of sociobiology?
A. It is based on the assumption that human sexuality is the result of culture alone.
B. It tries to explain why certain patterns of behavior have evolved in humans.
C. It assumes that people are entirely free and responsible for developing their own potential.
D. It creates a framework within which the economic stratification of society can be studied.
3. (p. 24) _____ is the biological theory which states that all living things have acquired their present forms through gradual changes in their genetic endowment over successive generations.
4. (p. 24) Evolution occurs via _____, the process by which the animals that are best adapted to their environment are more likely to survive, reproduce, and pass on their genes to the next generation.
B. cultural relativism
C. communal integration
D. natural selection
5. (p. 24) _____ is a process in nature resulting in the survival of only those animals and persons that are best adapted to their environment.
B. Natural selection
C. Structural functionalism
6. (p. 24) Which of the following is true of natural selection?
A. It applies only to plants.
B. It applies only to humans.
C. It applies to all inanimate objects found in nature.
D. It applies to all living organisms found in nature.
7. (p. 24) Sociobiologists suggest that the characteristics used to judge a person's attractiveness, like their physique and complexion, are related to the person's _____.
A. social status
C. extrinsic values
D. reproductive potential
8. (p. 25) According to sociobiologists, which of the following is true of the pair-bond?
A. The pair-bond has no significance in contemporary societies.
B. The pair-bond exists only between humans in primitive societies.
C. If strong, the pair-bond between the offspring's parents increases its chances of survival.
D. If weak, the pair-bond between the offspring's parents increases its chances of survival.
9. (p. 25) Which of the following is true of the attachment between an infant and a parent?
A. It has no significance in contemporary societies.
B. It is a biological mechanism that reduces infant vulnerability.
C. It applies only to parents belonging to primitive societies.
D. It has no impact upon the infant's chances of survival.
10. (p. 25-26) Parental investment:
A. is rarely beneficial to infants raised in primitive societies.
B. damages an infant's chances of survival in contemporary societies.
C. refers to the number of offspring that parents can produce each year.
D. refers to the resources committed to offspring to ensure their survival.