Multiple Choice Questions
1. _____ refers to a negative (or positive) evaluation : 1385825
Multiple Choice Questions
1. _____ refers to a negative (or positive) evaluation of a particular group and its members.
C. Diffusion of responsibility
D. Reciprocity-of-liking effect
2. Discrimination refers to:
A. a negative (or positive) evaluation of a particular group and its members.
B. a set of generalized beliefs and expectations about a particular group and its members.
C. behavior directed toward individuals on the basis of their membership in a particular group.
D. consideration of individuals for their personal qualities and not their membership in a group.
3. Neil was selected for his college baseball team because of his racial origin. Which of the following is illustrated in this scenario?
B. Reciprocity-of-liking effect
D. Diffusion of responsibility
4. A(n) _____ is an expectation about the occurrence of a future event or behavior that acts to increase the likelihood the event or behavior will occur.
A. reciprocity-of-liking effect
B. self-fulfilling prophecy
C. diffusion of responsibility
5. In Juanita's community, girls are not expected to enjoy or excel at mathematics. Juanita's algebra grades drop; by the time she is a high school junior, she is enrolled only in consumer mathematics courses. Which concept does Juanita's example best illustrate?
A. Cognitive dissonance
B. Social identification
D. Self-fulfilling prophecy
6. The _____ theory suggests that people tend to be ethnocentric, viewing the world from their own perspective and judging others in terms of their group membership.
A. social identity
B. resource competition
C. observational learning
D. social neuroscience
7. As an adolescent, Travis realizes that he is gay. Immediately on coming out, he withdraws from his heterosexual friends and promotes positions more radical than those he formerly endorsed. He favors the "outing" of closeted public figures under all circumstances, and he argues that gays who wish to marry are imitating heterosexual values. Which account of prejudice does Travis' example illustrate most clearly?
A. Cognitive categorization
B. Resource competition
C. Observational learning
D. Social identity
8. The use of group membership to provide social respect produces an unfortunate outcome because we may:
A. inflate the negative aspects of our ingroup and, at the same time, devalue outgroups.
B. come to think that our own group is better than groups to which we don't belong.
C. start to view members of outgroups as superior to members of our group.
D. start to prejudice members of our ingroup and inflate the positive aspects of outgroups.
9. Dr. Neilson examines the structures in the brain regarding social behavior. Dr. Neilson's work exemplifies the emerging field of:
A. social cognition.
B. social neuroscience.
C. neurosocial psychology.
D. behavioral neuroscience.
10. The Implicit Association Test was developed because:
A. people may not be consciously aware of their own racial attitudes.
B. people are very direct and frank while reporting their racial attitudes.
C. existing measures failed to tap into the emotional aspect of racial attitudes.
D. people do not censor their responses regarding their own racial attitudes.