Multiple Choice 16.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created: A. To

Question : Multiple Choice 16.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created: A. To : 1800978

Multiple Choice

16.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created:

A. To monitor and regulate nuclear activity.

B. To coordinate most of the government’s efforts to protect the environment.

C. To monitor and regulate occupational health and safety standards.

D. All of the above.

17. In the United States, the federal government regulates which of the following major areas of environmental protection?

A. Air pollution.

B. Water pollution.

C. Land pollution.

D. All of the above.

18. Which of the following statements is true of air pollution?

A. Air pollution occurs when more pollutants are emitted into the atmosphere than can be safely absorbed and diluted by natural processes.

B. A majority of the people in the U.S. breathe unsafe air for at least part of the year.

C. Air pollution caused by particulate matter is responsible for fewer than 600 premature or unnecessary deaths annually.

D. The EPA has identified hundreds of "criteria" pollutants, relatively common harmful substances that serve as indicators of overall levels of air pollution.

19. Which of the following statements is not true with respect to acid rain?

A. A primary source of acid rain is coal-fired utilities.

B. Acid rain occurs when carbon dioxide combines with water vapor in the atmosphere.

C. Acid rain is worse in some regions of the United States than others.

D. Acid rain degrades buildings.

20. Which of the following is not true about water pollution?

A. It affects crop yields.

B. It can be caused by pesticides and herbicides.

C. It can be caused by biodegradable products.

D. The Water Pollution Control Act maintains the integrity of all surface water in the United States.

21.  Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” has the following benefit:

A.  Natural gas burns more cleanly than either coal or oil.

B.  It is a risk-free form of natural gas extraction.

C.  It gives more businesses to sewage plants to clean contaminated water.

D.  There are no benefits to fracking.

22. Which country has made the greatest progress in reducing its solid waste stream?

A. United Kingdom.

B. Germany.

C. Japan.

D. United States.

23. Which of the following is true about the Toxic Substances Control Act?

A. It required reductions in urban smog, acid rain, and greenhouse gas emissions.

B. It established a national policy to regulate, restrict, and, if necessary, ban toxic chemicals.

C. It promoted nontoxic chemicals and fuels for business use.

D. It authorized funds for treatment plants and toxic waste cleanup.

24. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (amended in 1984) does not require:

A. Toxic waste generators to have a permit.

B. Transporters to maintain careful records.

C. Disposal facilities to treat hazardous waste before disposal.

D. All hazardous waste to be incinerated.

25. Environmental justice is a movement to:

A. Prevent inequitable exposure to risk, such as from hazardous waste.

B. Identify polluters and require them to pay for the cleanup of their toxic waste.

C. Reduce pollution at the source, rather than treat and dispose of waste at the “end of the pipe.”

D. Specifically restrict the use of dangerous pesticides which can pollute groundwater.

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