Question : If sea ice melts, this would affect the climate by A) increasing albedo : 2146653
61) If sea ice melts, this would affect the climate by ________.
A) increasing albedo
B) increasing the amount of solar energy absorbed at the surface
C) decreasing the moisture in the atmosphere
D) reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed at the surface
E) increasing the moisture in the atmosphere
62) General circulation models are based on the fundamental laws of physics and chemistry, and they are designed to ________.
A) predict the weather over periods of weeks and months
B) model climate behavior over decades
C) determine whether places are going to experience bad hurricane seasons or droughts during the next year
D) simulate the history of weather on earth for the last ice age
E) measure urban heat islands and identify where changes need to be made in a community
64) How has loss of ice led to an increase in global warming?
A) It has increased solar energy reflection.
B) It has caused ocean acidification, which has raised the temperature.
C) It has caused sea levels to rise, which have moderated temperatures.
D) It has increased heat absorption.
66) Records indicate that sea level has ________ since 1870.
A) risen by 2.5 meters
B) not changed
C) decreased by 25 centimeters
D) risen by 25 centimeters
E) decreased by 2.5 meters
67) Sea level change will have its greatest impact on coastal areas that are ________.
A) passive continental margins like the eastern U.S. and southern India
B) subduction zones like Japan
C) volcanic islands like Hawaii
D) active continental margins like California and Chile
E) all of the above
68) Sea level change is ________.
C) not occurring
69) Climate models indicate that ________ is(are) one of the strongest indications of global warming.
A) the hole in the ozone in Australia
B) loss of sea ice in the Arctic
C) El Niño
D) retreating glaciers in Alaska
E) melting of Antarctica
70) Global warming appears to be thawing the permafrost as indicated by ________.
A) disappearing lakes in the Arctic
B) increased surface waters in the Arctic
C) houses sinking into the ground in Alaska
D) all of the above
71) Consequences of global warming are ________.
A) known and predictable
B) potentially full of surprises that we cannot yet fully know or predict
C) not an issue since the planet would have warmed due to natural cycles anyway
D) unlikely to begin for the next 100 years
72) Examine the words and/or phrases below and determine the relationship among the majority of words/phrases. Choose the option that does not fit the pattern.