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Alternatives to the experiment as data-gathering strategies include which

Question : Alternatives to the experiment as data-gathering strategies include which : 2153830

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) Alternatives to the experiment as data-gathering strategies include which of the following?

A) Case studies

B) Social surveys

C) Participant observations

D) All of the above

2) Which of the following is the annual FBI publication of official statistics of crimes recorded by police?

A) ICR

B) UCR

C) NIBRS

D) NCVS

3) The violent crime index consists of which of the following?

A) Burglary

B) Motor vehicle theft

C) Larceny-theft

D) None of the above

4) The property crime index consists of which of the following?

A) Robbery

B) Forcible rape

C) Murder

D) None of the above

5) Which of the following consists of two parts, the violent crime index and the property crime index?

A) Key Crimes

B) Catalog crimes

C) Index crimes

D) None of the above

6) Which of the following refers to the number of crimes divided by population, per 100,000 population?

A) Crime rate

B) Victim rate

C) Recidivism rate

D) None of the above

7) Which of the following is considered a shortcoming of the UCR?

A) Is affected by better communications, policing and recording

B) Represents only a portion of the crime rate

C) Both A and B

D) None of the above

8) Which of the following refers to the decline in recorded crime in the 1980s believed to be caused primarily by demographic change?

A) Crime drop

B) Crime slope

C) Crime dip

D) Crime depression

9) Which of the following refers to high-crime areas where police can concentrate their efforts?

A) Vice spots

B) Violent areas

C) Crime spots

D) Hot spots

10) Which of the following refers to changes that have been recommended in the UCR in order to take advantage of new computer technology?

A) UCR reform

B) UCR redesign

C) UCR restructure

D) None of the above

11) Which of the following refers to the unit-record reporting system used in the redesigned UCR in which each local law enforcement agency reports on each individual arrest?

A) NIBRS

B) UCR redesign

C) NCVS

D) None of the above

12) If multiple crimes take place in a single incident, which of the following designates that only the most serious crime is recorded?

A) Severity rule

B) COPS

C) Hierarchy rule

D) Aggregate rule

13) Which of the following refers to a new program consisting of nationally representative incident-based crime data that can generate detailed national estimates of the volume and characteristics of crime known to law enforcement?

A) CRM

B) QBS-X

C) XCS

D) NCS-X

14) Which of the following is a procedure in which a select subunit of the population is studied in order to analyze the entire population?

A) Standard cluster

B) Sampling

C) Composite cluster

D) Sampling frame

15) Which of the following is a complete list of the universe or population under investigation?

A) Composite cluster

B) Standard cluster

C) Sampling

D) Sampling frame

16) Which of the following refers to samples that permit estimation of the likelihood of each element of the population being selected in the sample?

A) Possibility samples

B) Probability clusters

C) Probability samples

D) Possibility clusters

17) Which of the following are samples in which each element of the population (or universe) has an equal probability of being selected?

A) Simple cluster

B) Complex cluster

C) Complex random sample

D) Simple random sample

18) Which of the following does "EPSEM" stand for?

A) Easy Probability of Selection Maturation

B) Early Probability of Sample Method

C) Equal Probability of Selection Method

D) None of the above

19) Which of the following involves a means of selection in which each element has an equal probability of selection method?

A) SRS

B) EPSEM

C) ASPEN

D) None of the above

20) Which of the following relies on knowledge of the distribution or proportion of the population characteristics to choose a sample that assures representativeness of these characteristics?

A) Complex cluster

B) Stratified random sample

C) EPSEM

D) Both B and C

21) Which of the following subjects are chosen in roughly the same ratio as exists in the population?

A) Homogenous stratified sample

B) Uniform stratified sample

C) Proportionate stratified sample

D) None of the above

22) Which of the following involves oversampling—taking a larger than proportionate number of certain groups to assure the appearance of small groups?

A) Dissimilar stratified sample

B) Uneven stratified sample

C) Disproportionate stratified sample

D) None of the above

23) Which of the following is a sampling of areas or sections in face-to-face interviews?

A) Cluster sample

B) Systematic sample

C) Direct sample

D) Both A and B

24) Which of the following involves selecting every nth item in a list to be included in the sample?

A) Systematic sample

B) Cluster sample

C) Direct sample

D) Both A and B

25) Which of the following refers to the nonprobability stratified sample in which the researcher attempts to ensure that sample proportions, for example age, sex, and race, resemble those in the population?

A) Direct sample

B) Systematic sample

C) Cluster sample

D) Quota sample

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