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Question : 91. What organized bodies of information stored in memory that

91. What are organized bodies of information stored in memory that help people represent the way the world is organized and allow them to categorize and interpret new information?

a)long-term memory

b)encoded memory

c)short-term memory

d)schemas

92. If Larry is taught new information about an elephant, which is a large animal, he will benefit from using ___________ about other large animals to store that new information so he can retrieve that information when he needs it.

a)long-term memory

b)schemas

c)short-term memory

d)sensory memory

93. What primary thing can middle-aged people do to improve their memory that takes relatively little effort?

a)change routines often

b)create elaborate rituals and routines

c)pay greater attention to particular things

d)write everything down

94. What is the term for formal strategies for organizing material in ways that make it more likely to be remembered?

a)long-term memory

b)schemas

c)mnemonics

d)short-term memory

95. What is the term for the strategy where people are most likely to recall information in environments that are similar to those in which they initially learned it?

a)schemas

b)encoding specificity phenomenon

c)visualization

d)rehearsal

96. Using memory skills such as getting better organized, paying attention, using visualization strategies, and rehearsing information for later retrieval are all considered

a)long-term memory strategies.

b)short-term memory strategies.

c)schema strategies.

d)mnemonic strategies.

97. Which age has come to have special meaning in most Western societies?

a)50s

b)40s

c)30s

d)20s

98. What approach to personality development is based on fairly universal stages tied to a sequence of age-related crises?

a)midlife crisis

b)life events models

c)normative-crisis models

d)generativity-versus-stagnation stage

99. Theorist Ravenna Helson focused on _____________, which suggest that it is the particular events in an adult’s life, rather than age per se, that determines the course of personality development.

a)normative-crisis models

b)generativity-versus-stagnation stages

c)midlife crisises

d)life events models

100. Winona is a 22-year-old new mother, and Anna is a 3year-old new mother.  According to Ravenna Helson’s theory, the ____________, both of these women may experience similar psychological forces based upon their shared experience of being a new mother regardless of their ages.

a)midlife crisis

b)life events models

c)normative-crisis models

d)generativity-versus-stagnation

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