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91. Janet has an intense fear of spiders. Her therapist

Question : 91. Janet has an intense fear of spiders. Her therapist : 1993239

91. Janet has an intense fear of spiders. Her therapist picks one up and lets it sit on her shoulder. The therapist is utilizing ________ therapy.

a. participant modeling

Incorrect. This is a social learning technique in which a therapist demonstrates and encourages a client to initiate a desired behavior.

b. psychodynamic

c. aversion

d. post-Freudian

e. exposure

Correct. This is a form of desensitization therapy in which a patient directly confronts the anxiety-provoking stimulus.

92. Which of the following techniques would be most appropriate for treating smoking or inappropriate sexual attractions?

a. flooding

b. systematic desensitization

c. aversion therapy

d. token economy

e. contingency management

93. The form of behavioral therapy in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an unpleasant stimulus to reduce the frequency of the behavior is called

a. token economy

b. operant conditioning

c. aversion therapy

d. participant modeling

e. age regression therapy

94. Aversion therapy is useful for the treatment of

a. anxiety.

b. a phobic fear.

c. diminished self-esteem.

d. fear of flying.

e. drug addiction.

95. Every time Jarrad opens his cigarette case or uses his lighter, he gets a painful electric shock. Jarrad’s friends and family have been asked not to give him any cigarettes or light any cigarettes for him, so he must use his own lighter if he wants to smoke. Eventually, Jarrad loses his desire to smoke, thanks to

a. negative transference

b. behavioral contracting

c. systematic desensitization

Incorrect. Systematic desensitization involves progressive relaxation and making a list of fears, not associating a behavior with an unpleasant stimulation (electric shock).

d. aversion conditioning

Correct. Jarrad learns to associate a behavior, smoking, with an unpleasant stimulus, the electric shock.

e. cathartic transferring

96. A person who paints a foul-tasting polish on their fingernails is using ________ therapy to quit nail-biting.

a. counterconditioning

b. contingency management

c. aversion

Correct. This is a classical conditioning procedure that involves presenting an individual with an attractive stimulus that is paired with an unpleasant stimulation to condition a repulsive, or aversive, reaction.

d. participant modeling

e. token economy

Incorrect. This is a system of therapy in which a person receives actual tokens for engaging in desired behaviors. Those tokens can be exchanged for a desired reward, or prize.

97. The behavioral technique of ________, when used at its extreme, resembles torture.

a. systematic desensitization

b. aversion therapy

Correct. This is a classical conditioning procedure that involves presenting an individual with an attractive stimulus that is paired with an unpleasant stimulation to condition a repulsive, or aversive, reaction.

c. participant modeling

Incorrect. This is a social learning technique in which a therapist demonstrates and encourages a client to initiate a desired behavior.

d. catharsis

e. psychoanalysis

98. Eileen goes to a therapist for help in losing weight. She and her therapist develop a written agreement spelling out weekly step-by-step methods for Eileen to use in order to reach her weight goal. The plan specifies rewards for reaching weekly goals and penalties for not achieving them. Eileen’s therapist is using which of the following methods?

a. classical conditioning

b. desensitization

c. contingency management

Correct. Contingency management involves changing rules of behavior by altering the consequences, especially rewards and punishments, of behavior.

d. a token economy

Incorrect. A token economy involves awarding tokens for good behavior that can be traded for desired items or privileges.

e. self-help therapy

99. Cindy’s parents allow her to play her video game an extra 15 minutes more, if she has completed all of her daily chores. Cindy’s parents are using

a. participant modeling.

Incorrect. This is a social learning technique in which a therapist demonstrates and encourages a client to initiate a desired behavior.

b. aversion therapy.

c. contingency management.

Correct. This is an operant approach to changing behavior that involves altering the consequences, especially rewards and punishments of behavior.

d. systematic desensitization.

e. parent effectiveness training.

100. A company that awards points to its salespeople for making a sale and then allows those points to be exchanged for vacation packages is using ________ to modify sales behavior.

a. participant modeling

b. symbolic modeling

Incorrect. This refers to a technique where subjects receive indirect exposure to the trigger of a fear by watching a film or video in which a model deals with the feared situation.

c. a token economy

Correct. This is a system of therapy in which a person receives actual tokens for engaging in desired behaviors. Those tokens can be exchanged for a desired reward, or prize.

d. aversion therapy

e. nondirective influence

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