81.According to the ____ principle of counting, the last number : 1408645
81.According to the ____ principle of counting, the last number in a counting sequence differs from previous numbers and denotes the total number of objects being counted.
82.Tucker is asked to count the toes on his left foot and report the total. Tucker says, “1, 4, 5, 2, 3. There are three!” Tucker is demonstrating the ____ principle of counting.
83.When asked to count the four soda bottles placed in from of him, three-year-old Eli says, “1, 3, 4, there are 4!” When asked to count the bottles a second time, he says, “2, 5, 7, 4, there are 4!” Eli’s counting skills demonstrate that he is capable of demonstrating the _____ principle of counting.
84.Which number illustrates the fact that in English, numbers do not all follow a regular naming pattern, thus making learning to count more difficult in English than in some other number systems?
85.Yuki has recently emigrated from China to the United States. Because she was taught the traditional method of counting in her culture, when she is shown 31 items and asked how many there are, she would likely respond,
a.“3 plus 1.”c.“3-10-1.”
b.“30 plus 1.”d.“10-10-3.”
86.How did Piaget and Vygotsky view the “journey” of cognitive development?
a.Both saw children as making the journey alone.
b.Piaget saw the journey as involving an apprenticeship driven by collaboration with others, while Vygotsky saw children as making the journey alone.
c.Vygotsky saw the journey as involving an apprenticeship driven by collaboration with others, while Piaget saw children as making the journey alone.
d.Both saw the journey as involving an apprenticeship driven by collaboration with others.
87.The mutual shared understanding among participants in an activity is referred to as
88.Which best exemplifies intersubjectivity?
a.The fact that identical twins sometimes appear to know what the other twin is thinking
b.The fact that most students who are good at math are also good at English
c.The fact that all members of the soccer team know that the main point is to kick a ball into a goal
d.The fact that culture influences thought and thought influences culture
89.According to the principle of guided participation, cognitive growth results from
b.interactions with a more skilled individual.
d.application of operant conditioning principles.
90.How would a parent utilize guided participation to improve the math skills of her child?
a.Encourage him or her to play a math-based computer game
b.Buy him or her a study guide on math
c.Encourage him or her to find and solve math problems in everyday life (e.g., the number of eggs in a carton)
d.Have him or her play a series of math games with a more math-skilled sibling