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81. Courtney insisted her husband to see a doctor. She suspected

Question : 81. Courtney insisted her husband to see a doctor. She suspected : 1411890

 

81. Courtney insisted her husband to see a doctor. She suspected that he had a sinus problem. He would snore loudly as well as fall silent several times in bed while sleeping. His behavior kept her from getting a good night of sleep. He was always tired regardless of the number of hours he slept. Courtney was surprised when the doctor suggested that her husband was suffering from:

A. sleep apnea.

B. narcolepsy.

C. night terrors.

D. sleep deprivation syndrome.

82. Kevin suffers from sleep apnea. With this condition, he awakens as often as 50 times during the night due to:

A. reoccurring dreams.

B. ringing in his ears.

C. a hypersensitivity to all sensory stimuli.

D. failure in the opening of the windpipe.

83. According to Sigmund Freud, a dream is:

A. a person’s counter-life which he/she is unable to endure in the real world.

B. a person’s unconscious desire that he/she wishes to fulfill.

C. a piece of thought which has no coherent organization.

D. a problem that a person has not been able to solve during the day.

84. Gary turned to his wife when he woke up and said, “You won’t believe what I dreamed. I was being chased by men in suits; they were riding horses. They had long narrow briefcases and they were trying to run me down!” If Gary related his dream to a psychodynamic therapist, they would tell him that what he had dreamed was about not being able to pay his bills. Which element in this scenario represents the manifest content of the dream?

A. Gary running for his life

B. Gary’s concern over monthly bills

C. The therapist’s interpretation of the dream

D. The therapist’s plan to help Gary

85. Gary turned to his wife when he woke up and said, “You won’t believe what I dreamed. I was being chased by men in suits; they were riding horses. They had long narrow briefcases, and they were trying to run me down!” If Gary related his dream to a psychodynamic therapist, they would tell him that what he had dreamed about was his fear of financial issues and not being able to pay all his bills. Which element in this scenario represents the latent content of the dream?

A. The briefcases the men were carrying

B. Gary’s concern over monthly bills

C. The horses

D. The therapist’s plan to help Gary

86. The _____ theory of dreaming proposes that dreaming involves information processing and memory.

A. psychodynamic

B. functionalist

C. cognitive

D. activation synthesis

87. Which of the following statements is true of the cognitive theory of dreaming?

A. The theory rests on the idea that dreams are essentially conscious noncognitive processing.

B. According to the theory, there is an essential search for the hidden, symbolic content of dreams.

C. According to the theory, dreams are viewed as dramatizations of general life concerns that are similar to relaxed daydreams.

D. According to the theory, very unusual aspects of dreams—such as odd activities, strange images, and sudden scene shifts—cannot be understood.

88. The _____ theory of dreaming proposes that dreaming occurs when the cerebral cortex synthesizes neural signals generated from activity in the lower part of the brain.

A. activation-synthesis

B. cognitive

C. manifest content

D. latent reasoning

89. According to activation-synthesis theory, dreams:

A. result from the brain’s attempts to find logic in random brain activity that occurs during sleep.

B. offer a unique opportunity for problem solving.

C. are types of mental simulations that are very similar in content to a person’s everyday waking thoughts.

D. are often, though not always, a sign of mental illness.

90. A criticism of activation-synthesis theory is that:

A. neural activity begins in the brain.

B. damage to the brain stem reduces dreaming to a great extent.

C. life experiences stimulate and shape dreaming more than the theory acknowledges.

D. dreams are caused by fluctuating levels of neurotransmitters.

 

 

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