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71.The biological and learning models of addiction differ in their explanations of drug abuse and in their proposed solutions. According to the biological model:

a.people can grow beyond the need for alcohol.

b.the degree of addiction will vary, depending on the situation.

c.the solution is medical treatment and group support.

d.most problem drinkers can learn to drink in moderation.

72.________ is a controversial disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits.

a.Borderline personality disorder

b.Antisocial personality disorder

c.Dissociative identity disorder

d.Bipolar disorder

73.Psychological scientists who are skeptical about multiple personality disorder provide several reasons for their stance. Which of the following is NOT one of those reasons?

a.Thorough consideration of the symptoms reveals that MPD is actually psychogenic amnesia.

b.Unreliable techniques, like hypnosis, may be creating the disorder through the power of suggestion.

c.Clinicians may be creating the disorder through the power of suggestion.

d.Media coverage of sensational cases has played a major role in fostering MPD diagnosis.

74.According to psychological scientists, “dissociative amnesia”:

a.    is the mechanism that causes traumatized children to repress their ordeal and develop several identities.

b.lacks historical and empirical support.

c.can be uncovered by continuous interviewing

d.occurs when a person keeps recalling traumatic experiences.

75.According to the sociocognitive explanation of dissociative identity disorder:

a.troubled people begin to have intense attacks of profound fear and impending doom and are unable to interpret these attacks as a normal response to great stress.

b.this diagnosis allows some people to account for past sexual or criminal behavior that they now regret or find intolerably embarrassing.

c.individuals who have had insecure attachments during the first three years of life tend to

experience MPD symptoms when adult relationships end.

d.this disorder is associated with abnormalities in the central nervous system, problems with impulse

76.According to the sociocognitive explanation of dissociative identity disorder, therapists have:

a.focused too much attention on allowing personalities to reveal themselves and not enough on

treatment.

b.found that most of the patients have distorted perceptions and irrational behavior.

c.let too many severe cases go unrecognized, undiagnosed, and untreated.

d.rewarded patients with attention and praise for revealing more and more personalities.

77.According to Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler, the term schizophrenia describes cases in which:

a.the personality splits into multiple personalities.

b.the personality loses its unity.

c.people escape trauma by putting it out of their minds.

d.unspeakable torture produces a mental splitting.

78.Which of the following is a psychotic disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech, inappropriate behavior, and negative symptoms?

a.Schizophrenia

b.Psychopathy

c.Dissociative identity disorder

d.Antisocial personality disorder

79.Ryan suffers from schizophrenia. He often mixes up words and ends up talking about things which make no sense. Which symptom of schizophrenia is Ryan exhibiting?

a.Hallucinations

b.Disorganized, incoherent speech

c.Grossly disorganized and inappropriate behavior

d.Rumination

80.Which of the following would NOT be considered to be a symptom of schizophrenia?

a.a person’s belief that dogs are extraterrestrials disguised as pets

b.a person’s belief that he is Moses

c.a person’s report that she hears two voices conversing in her head

d.a person using elaborate con tricks to lie, seduce, or manipulate others

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