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71.Hofstede’s research has shown there are:

a.no cultural differences among nations in which Spanish is the national language

b.two distinct methods for dealing with cultural differences--adaptation and continuation

c.direct relationships existing between type of infrastructures and growth potential

d.five consistent dimensions of cultural differences across countries

e.four factors upon which a company should base its decision to globalize

72.A news article on Latin America read, “Mexico is the closest Latin America gets to the U.S. both geographically and culturally.” According to Hofstede, this means the Mexican culture:

a.does not support individualism

b.is strong in power distance

c.has a masculine orientation

d.is not oriented towards individualism

e.is accurately described by all of these

73.According to Hofstede’s research on cultural dimensions, ____ cultures emphasize the importance of relationships, modesty, caring for the weak, and quality of life.

a.economic-based

b.feminine

c.relationship-oriented

d.individualistic

e.masculine

74.The people who live on the island of Malta are described as happy-go-lucky people who are comfortable with an unstructured life and deal well with sudden changes. In terms of Hofstede’s cultural differences, the people of Malta have a:

a.culture based on equity

b.low degree of uncertainty avoidance

c.masculine culture

d.high degree of uncertainty avoidance

e.feminine culture

75.The term ____ is used by Hofstede to describe the degree to which people in a country are uncomfortable with unstructured, ambiguous, unpredictable situations.

a.power distance

b.masculinity

c.short-term/long-term orientation

d.uncertainty avoidance

e.risk aversion

76.According to Hofstede, the people in a culture that is described as ____ are oriented to the present and seek immediate gratification

a.long-term oriented

b.masculine

c.short-term oriented

d.individualistic

e.feminine

77.An expatriate is someone who:

a.claims dual citizenship

b.lives and works outside of his or her own country

c.believes strongly in nationalization

d.is unhappy with his or her present residence

e.desires to be employed in a country outside of his or her own

78.Some 5.5 million British citizens, about 10 percent of Great Britain’s total population, now live as expatriates, with 200,000 more every year.  This means that:

a.about 90 percent of the people born in Great Britain are bilingual

b.approximately 10 percent of people born in Great Britain do not work there

c.about 10 percent of the British population is involved in global marketing at a level beyond exportation

d.approximately 10 percent of the people living Great Britain were not born there

e.about 10 percent of the British population works for international companies

79.The purpose of predeparture language training and cross-cultural training is to:

a.cater to employees who require affective learning

b.increase job empathy

c.encourage job specialization

d.reduce the uncertainty for those becoming expatriates

e.avoid legal problems in the future

80.According to the What Really Works, “Cross-Cultural Training,” 21 different research studies show cross-cultural training:

a.does not have any anecdotal evidence to support its usefulness

b.really helps expatriates adjust to foreign cultures

c.is largely a waste of resources

d.does not prepare expatriates for one-to-one relationships with natives

e.cannot be justified by any current research

81.The evidence clearly shows that ____ is the most important factor in determining the success or failure of an international assignment.

a.the amount of language training provided to the expatriate

b.the amount of cross-cultural training provided to the expatriate

c.how well an expatriate’s spouse and family adjust to the foreign culture

d.how willing the expatriate was to accept the foreign assignment

e.the similarity of the foreign language to the expatriate’s native language

82.In order to assess how well managers and their families are likely to adjust to foreign cultures, ____ is used.

a.cultural awareness screening

b.sociocultural analysis

c.sensitivity screening

d.sociocultural diagnostics

e.adaptability screening

 

 

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