71. (p. 32) Which of the following true of the social exchange theory? A. It

Question : 71. (p. 32) Which of the following true of the social exchange theory? A. It : 1411438


71. (p. 32) Which of the following is true of the social exchange theory? 

A. It uses the concept of reinforcement to explain the change in relationships between people.

B. It assumes that we have no freedom of choice and that all events in life are predetermined.

C. It states that humans are essentially altruistic, putting their own needs after those of others.

D. It refutes the theory that humans are hedonistic in nature.

72. (p. 32) Steve regularly surprises his wife, Marcie, with flowers and gifts and always tries to make her feel special by taking her out to fancy restaurants and on holidays. However, Marcie often takes him for granted and does not truly appreciate what he does for her. According to the social exchange theory: 

A. Steve's rewards are greater than his costs.

B. Steve's costs are greater than his rewards.

C. Steve's rewards are greater than Marcie's rewards.

D. Steve's costs are less than Marcie's costs.

73. (p. 32) The social exchange theory: 

A. can predict conditions under which people try to change their relationships.

B. does not take the needs and obligations of people into account.

C. applies only to primitive, tribal societies and not contemporary, urban societies.

D. assumes that we have no freedom of choice and that all events in life are predetermined.

74. (p. 32) According to social exchange theory, a state of _____ exists when participants in a relationship believe that the rewards they receive from it are proportional to the costs they bear. 

A. disequilibrium

B. existentialism

C. equity

D. fatalism

75. (p. 32-33) The operation of matching reflects the fact that: 

A. people at all levels of attractiveness find partners.

B. people look for the most attractive mate.

C. unattractive people do not have partners.

D. attractiveness equals health and fertility.

76. (p. 33) Social exchange theory has been criticized because: 

A. it applies only to men and not to women.

B. it doesn't take the equitableness of relationships into account.

C. it applies the concept of rewards and costs to romantic relationships.

D. it gives weight to concepts like altruism and martyrdom.

77. (p. 33) Which of the following is a shortcoming of the social exchange theory? 

A. It applies only to people from primitive, tribal societies.

B. It doesn't take concepts like altruism into account.

C. It applies only to women and not to men.

D. It doesn't take the equity of relationships into account.

78. (p. 34) Which of the following is true of cognitive psychology? 

A. It insists that psychologists should study only behaviors that can be directly observed.

B. It believes that people's thoughts are insignificant because their actions are predetermined.

C. It believes that it is very important to study people's thought processes.

D. It insists that people's perception and evaluation of events is unimportant.

79. (p. 34) A(n) _____ is defined as a general knowledge framework that a person has about a particular topic. 

A. anime

B. schema

C. anima

D. thanatos

80. (p. 34) The _____ theory was proposed by psychologist Sandra Bem to explain gender-role development and the impact of gender on people's daily lives and thinking. 

A. Oedipal

B. equilibrium

C. schema

D. geopolitical



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