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61.Heritable factors seem to be involved:

a.when alcoholism begins in adolescence and is linked to antisocial behaviors.

b.when alcoholism begins in adulthood with frequent episodes of heavy drinking.

c.for the male children of alcoholics but not for the female children.

d.for the female children of alcoholics but not for the male children.

62.People with high alcohol sensitivity are:

a.more likely to drink to excess.

b.more likely to experience tremendous withdrawal symptoms.

c.less likely than others to drink to excess.

d.less likely to have low activity of an enzyme involved in metabolism of alcohol.

63.A craving for alcohol created by heavy drinking is associated with:

a.staying intoxicated for only short periods.

b.drinking for pleasure.

c.staying intoxicated for longer and longer periods.

d.an increase in dopamine receptors.

64.Alcoholism is most likely to occur in:

a.Italy.

b.Greece.

c.France.

d.Ireland.

65.Alcoholism might be less likely to occur:

a.if it was used as a rite of passage into adulthood.

b.if adults drank moderately at family gatherings.

c.if drinking occurred outside of homes, not in them.

d.if national abstinence was enforced by law once again.

66.During the Prohibition years (1920-1933) in the United States,

a.drinking rates decreased overall, but alcoholism increased among those who did drink.

b.rates of alcoholism remained the same for men, but decreased for women.

c.rates of alcoholism remained the same for women, but decreased for men.

d.rates of alcoholism decreased significantly among those who drank.

67.Which of the following statements is true about drug addiction?

a.The environment in which the drug is being used influences its physiological effects.

b.Drug addiction is always a chronic disease.

c.All drug addicts require addiction programs to help them quit drugs.

d.All drug addicts show withdrawal symptoms.

68.Rachel is completely exhausted after a long day’s work. She comes home and makes herself a drink and finds it soothing after a tiring day. Rachel is unlikely to become addicted to alcohol because:

a.she is drinking to relax herself after a rough day at work.

b.she is drinking to suppress her anxieties.

c.she is drinking to drown her worries and sorrows.

d.she is drinking to abandon inhibitions.

69.People who drink in order to ________ have significantly more drinking problems than those who drink for other reasons.

a.be sociable

b.disguise anxiety

c.manage severe pain

d.relax under stress

70.The biological and learning models of addiction differ in their explanations of drug abuse and in their proposed solutions. According to the learning model:

a.addiction to alcohol is genetic and alcoholics must learn to abstain.

b.people who are addicted will always remain addicted.

c.addiction is a way of coping and alcoholics need to find better coping methods.

d.after abuse of alcohol has stopped, addicts continue to need group support.

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