61.All of the following are important factors in the creation of an ethical business climate EXCEPT:
a.personal examples set by company management
b.approval of the company’s ethics code by government regulators
c.fair but consistent punishment of violators
d.a reporting system that encourages whistleblowers to report potential ethics violations
e.top management’s active involvement in ethics training program
62.The last step in the basic model of ethical decision making is to:
a.monitor the results
d.make a choice
e.select an ethical leader
63.After identifying the problem in the basic model of ethical decision making, the next step is to:
a.diagnose the situation
b.identify the constituents
c.determine alternative solutions
d.analyze your options
e.create a forecast of what is to be accomplished
64.The basic model of ethical decision making:
a.has five steps
b.provides a method for analyzing the ethical climate
c.can be used to determine which principle of ethical decision making is appropriate to the situation
d.begins with a diagnosis of the situation
e.is accurately described by none of these
65.In May 2005, U.S. Attorney Michael J. Sullivan announced the United States had settled civil claims arising out of a suit that alleged Oracle Corporation had violated the False Claims Act in connection with billing the federal government for software training services. The U.S. government learned about the overcharging from a former Oracle vice president. The vice president acted as a(n):
66.Former Wal-Mart vice chairman Tom Coughlin allegedly engineered to defraud the company for personal gain. Operations vice president Jared Bowen asserted that information he provided to Wal-Mart spawned the investigation that led to the discovery of Coughlin’s activities. Bowen sued Wal-Mart because they fired him. His lawsuit is an example of:
a.the importance of discretionary responsibility
b.a problem with too specific codes of ethics
c.one of the problems of being a whistleblower
d.creating a sustainable ethical climate
e.performing the functions of an ethical ombudsman
67.Back in 1995, Mark Graf, a security specialist at the Rocky Flats nuclear facility outside Denver, became alarmed about the temporary removal of 450 kilograms of plutonium oxide from a vault-like room to a “soft room” protected by drywall that you could punch a hole through. Graf eventually had to take his concerns to the media before the plutonium was stored once again in a safe location. Graf was a(n):
68.Why is it often difficult for an employee to assume the role of whistleblower?
a.because managers have such broad spans of management
b.because the employee is often the one punished
c.because of organizational decentralization
d.due to employee empowerment
e.due to the U.S. Sentencing Commission Guidelines
69.Which of the following statements about whistleblowing is true?
a.Whistleblowing refers to reporting others’ ethics violations.
b.Whistleblowing is very difficult for most people to do.
c.Potential whistleblowers often fear that they will be punished.
d.Many federal and state laws protect the rights of whistleblowers.
e.All of these statements about whistleblowing are true.
70.What is social responsibility?
a.a business’s obligation to pursue policies, make decisions, and take actions that benefit society
b.a business tactic used to create relationship bonds with customers
c.what companies are obliged legally to do to protect their external environments
d.a business’s responsibility to its shareholders
e.the fact businesses are responsible for monitoring their social environments so they can satisfy the needs of their customers