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Question : 61) Which type of personality disorder characterized by difficulty forming

61) Which type of personality disorder is characterized by difficulty forming emotional attachments, lack of empathy, and little regard for the rights of others?

A) borderline personality disorder

B) narcissistic personality disorder

C) antisocial personality disorder

D) histrionic personality disorder

62) An individual who has a(n) ________ personality disorder may behave in an irrational, attention-seeking manner, perhaps by means of sexually seductive behaviour and clothing, and may make inappropriate emotional responses.

A) narcissistic

B) histrionic

C) borderline

D) antisocial

63) Which mental disorder is characterized by disturbances of thought, such as delusions and hallucinations?

A) paranoid personality disorder

B) mood disorder

C) anxiety disorder

D) schizophrenia

64) Louise often hears voices that tell her not to trust anyone, as they may be secretly plotting against her. Louise is most likely suffering from

A) delusions.

B) hallucinations.

C) delusions of grandeur.

D) borderline disorder.

65) How does Gisela Labouvie-Vief characterize the specialized cognitive skills that are reasonably suited to solve the problems that adults have in their social roles and jobs?

A) crystallized intelligence

B) formal operations

C) contextual validity

D) fluid intelligence

66) Patricia Arlin defines ______ as the capacity to identify the underlying assumptions of differing perspectives on controversial issues.

A) crystallized intelligence

B) contextual validity

C) reflective judgment

D) dialectical thought

67) Which of the following would you utilize as you quickly and accurately work a cross-word puzzle?

A) encoding skills

B) crystallized intelligence

C) dialectical thought

D) fluid intelligence

68) An individual is given a test that requires her to follow diagrammed instructions to fold a piece of paper into a box and another test that requires her to find figures embedded in other figures. These tests, which involve abstract reasoning unrelated to previous education or experience, would require the use of

A) encoding skills.

B) crystallized intelligence.

C) fluid intelligence.

D) dialectical thought.

69) Which of the following most accurately describes the way aging affects cognitive functions?

A) Crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence, and memory skills are relatively stable until the late 70s or early 80s.

B) Memory skills follow the pattern of crystallized intelligence by declining steadily from early adulthood until late adulthood, whereas fluid intelligence can be enhanced with practice or training at any stage of adulthood.

C) Crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence, and memory functions begin to decline in early adulthood, steadily decline throughout middle adulthood, and accelerate in decline in the late 70s or 80s.

D) Crystallized intelligence is relatively stable throughout early and middle adulthood, while fluid intelligence begins to decline at age 35 or 40 and continues to decline steadily through adulthood.

70) As individuals age, when might they become aware of a functionally relevant decline in cognitive skills?

A) in the early 20s, during college or post-secondary educational experiences

B) before age 25

C) only after age 75

D) in middle adulthood, or earlier, if faced with highly complex or difficult tasks that require significant intellectual resources

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