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61. (p. 31) _____ theorists believe that sexual behavior can be changed at

Question : 61. (p. 31) _____ theorists believe that sexual behavior can be changed at : 1411437

 

61. (p. 31) _____ theorists believe that sexual behavior can be changed at any time in one's lifespan. 

A. Psychoanalytic

B. Sociobiologic

C. Learning

D. Deterministic

62. (p. 31) Which of the following statements holds true for behavior modification? 

A. It is based on the pleasure principle and thanatos.

B. It is ineffective in the treatment of sexual disorders.

C. It necessitates an in-depth analysis of the person.

D. It is based on the principles of operant conditioning.

63. (p. 31) Behavior modification: 

A. focuses on what motivates undesirable behavior.

B. cannot be used to treat children and adolescents.

C. does not necessitate an in-depth analysis of a person.

D. is ineffective in the treatment of sexual disorders.

64. (p. 31) Which of the following is a behavior modification method based on the principles of classical and operant conditioning that appears to be relatively effective in changing a person's problematic sexual behavior? 

A. Electroconvulsive therapy

B. Olfactory aversion therapy

C. Homotherapy

D. Aromatherapy

65. (p. 31) In _____, behavior is punished using an unpleasant odor. 

A. aromatherapy

B. olfactory aversion therapy

C. homotherapy

D. electroconvulsive therapy

66. (p. 31) _____ is the process of repeatedly pairing a behavior with an aversive stimulus, leading to a decline in the frequency of the behavior. 

A. Extinction

B. Refraction

C. Relativism

D. Positivism

67. (p. 31) Which of the following is true of olfactory aversion therapy? 

A. The patient perceives the problematic behavior to be under his or her control.

B. The aversive stimulus is ineffective if administered by the patient.

C. The method cannot be used to treat deviant sexual behavior in adults.

D. The method mimics aromatherapy and releases fragrances that soothe the mind.

68. (p. 31) Which of the following is true of the social learning theory? 

A. It recognizes the processes of imitation and identification.

B. It states that sexual behavior is innate and cannot be cultivated.

C. It proves conclusively that media has little or no influence upon young children.

D. It proves conclusively that the environment plays no role in shaping a person's behavior.

69. (p. 31) According to the social learning theory, the two processes which are useful in explaining the development of gender identity or one's sense of maleness or femaleness are: 

A. idealism and realism.

B. imitation and identification.

C. existentialism and determinism.

D. positivism and negativism.

70. (p. 32) _____ is based on the principle of reinforcement and assumes that people will choose actions that maximize rewards and minimize costs. 

A. Social exchange theory

B. Social stratification theory

C. Existentialism

D. Positivism

 

 

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