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61. Anthropologist John Ogbu argues that members of certain minority

Question : 61. Anthropologist John Ogbu argues that members of certain minority : 1997993

61. Anthropologist John Ogbu argues that members of certain minority groups may have low academic achievement because

a)these groups perceive that school success is relatively unimportant with regard to their success in the workplace because of discrimination.

b)these groups carry genetically inferior intellectual potential from generation to generation.

c)these groups lack the social, interpersonal relationship, and communication skills to fully benefit from a formal education.

d)these groups have a higher number of parents who themselves never succeeded within the educational environment and lack adequate parenting skills.

62. Anthropologist John Ogbu compares the involuntary immigration of Africans as slaves to America and the motivation to succeed educationally in subsequent generations of African Americans to

a)the voluntary immigration of Italian-Americans to America and the motivation for learning and success in subsequent generations.

b)the voluntary immigration of Irish-Americans to America and the motivation for learning and success in subsequent generations.

c)the voluntary immigration of German-Americans to America and the motivation for learning and success in subsequent generations.

d)the involuntary immigration of Koreans to Japan during World War II and the motivation for learning and success in subsequent generations.

63. Researchers have proposed that African American and Hispanic American adolescents may not fare as well in their academic endeavors because of all of the following reasons EXCEPT

a)African American students are more apt to view success as a result of external causes over which they have no control, such as societal biases, rather than internal causes, such as overcoming temporary setbacks by working harder.

b)African American and Hispanic American adolescents tend to believe that they can succeed despite poor school performance.

c)African American and Hispanic American students are less likely to subscribe to the belief that effort will lead to success.

d)African American and Hispanic American students are not born with the intellectual capacity to succeed academically.

64. What is a basic requirement of the No Child Left Behind Act passed by Congress in 2002?

a)All students have the right to an education up to age 21.

b)Students must pass designated core curriculum courses in order to graduate from high school.

c)Every U.S. state must design and administer achievement tests that students must pass in order to graduate from high school.

d)All schools must hire teachers who have advanced degrees.

65. What was the result of a study conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation regarding Instant Messaging (IMing)?

a)Cyberspace has a positive outcome on young people.

b)Cyberspace serves as an alternative to substance use.

c)Young people should use caution in what form of media they choose to use.

d)Young people spend an average of 6.5 hours a day with media.

66. While it is clear that the internet is having an impact upon education, schools should consider changing their curricula to include specific instruction in a key skill for deriving value from the internet, specifically

a)keyboarding skills.

b)improved communication and written language skills.

c)expertise in hardware and software application skills, specifically installation and maintenance of computers.

d)the ability to search, choose, and integrate information in order to create new knowledge.

67. The phenomenon known as the “digital divide” is

a)the difference between students who use the internet for entertainment purposes, such as movies, games, and gambling, and students who use the internet for schoolwork.

b)the difference between the computer-savvy generation of the past decade compared to their parents who have less computer experience.

c)the challenge involving socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity where poorer adolescents and members of minority groups have less access to computers than more affluent adolescents.

d)the difference between those educators who believe that computers need to be integrated more into the curriculum compared to educators who argue for a more traditional educational experience for students.

68. Which of the following young people is LEAST likely to drop out of high school prior to graduation in the U.S.?

a)a teenaged African American male

b)a teenaged Caucasian American female

c)a teenaged Asian American male

d)a teenaged Hispanic American male

69. Poverty plays a large role in determining whether a student completes high school. Students from lower-income households are_____ less likely to complete high school than are middle- and higher-income students.

a)two times

b)four times

c)five times

d)three times

70. If a person is called or known as a “garbage head,” that means that

a)the person is of low intelligence and regarded as stupid by his/her peers.

b)the person will try anything, especially any kind of drug.

c)the person has a low regard for society’s values and disregards these considerations when making decisions about his/her personal behavior(s).

d)


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