6. Describe the role of the therapeutic alliance in successful therapy.
7. Explain what is meant by the “justification of effort” effect in regard to psychotherapy.
8. Your textbook discusses the results of several PET-scan studies involving people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Among those who were taking the SSRI Prozac, the metabolism of glucose in a critical part of the brain decreased, suggesting that the drug was having a beneficial effect by “calming” that area. How did this effect compare to the patients who were receiving cognitive-behavior therapy and no medicine? What does this result suggest?
9. When a therapist strongly believes in the prevalence of certain problems or disorders, how might this bias toward a particular diagnosis end up harming his or her clients?