6. A reporter who deliberately alters a direct quote from : 2132690
6. A reporter who deliberately alters a direct quote from a news source may be guilty of actual malice if
A. the alteration results in a material change in the meaning of the statement.
B. the altered material turns out to be false.
C. the alteration puts the quoted individual in a bad light.
D. the alteration is the result of a failure to exercise reasonable care.
7. Bootstrapping in libel law occurs when
A. the press creates a controversy by reporting on an issue or event, and then pulls the plaintiff into the story.
B. two or more libel actions are filed at the same time against the same defendant.
C. the plaintiff pulls the reporters who prepared the story into court as well as the publication or broadcast outlet.
D. the plaintiff sues the on-line service provided as well as the individual who generated the web site.
8. In determining whether an individual is a limited purpose public figure for purposes of a libel action, a court will consider
A. whether the individual was involved in a controversy.
B. the nature of the controversy in which the individual was involved.
C. the role played by the individual in the controversy.
D. all of the above.
9. In which of the following situations would an individual most likely be deemed to be a public official in a libel suit?
A. A newspaper story that reports that a public school teacher said she was born in the United States on her job application, when she was really born in France.
B. A story that claims that a custodian at a state office building was accused of stealing cleaning supplies.
C. A story that alleges that a city councilwoman has taken money from a developer in exchange for her vote to approve a rezoning applications.
D. None of the above.
10. Most judges tend to focus on one of the four elements of the tort of intentional infliction of emotional distress when evaluating a defendant's actions. It is
A. whether the defendant's conduct was intentional or reckless.
B. whether the defendant's conduct was outrageous.
C. whether the defendant's conduct caused the emotional distress.
D. whether the plaintiff's emotional distress was severe.