51.The fundamental premise of teleological explanations that living things
a.have unseen : 1408642
51.The fundamental premise of teleological explanations is that living things
a.have unseen souls.c.are superior to inanimate things.
b.have free will.d.exist for a purpose.
52.When five-year-old Monarch says, “Butterflies exist to make the world more beautiful for people to look at,” she is providing a great example of
a.the core knowledge hypothesis.c.an orienting response.
b.a teleological explanation.d.intersubjectivity.
53.The belief that all living things have an unseen essence that gives them identity is referred to as
b.essentialism.d.the cardinality principle.
54.Which statement best exemplifies the concept of essentialism?
a.“The purpose of popcorn is to make kids happy when they are at the movies.”
b.“If your parent says ‘no,’ then you should not do it.”
c.“A monkey raised by people will become a human.”
d.“Fish have a special ‘fishiness’ that allows them to breath underwater.”
55.As an information-processing theorist, Dr. Tonic is most likely to conceptualize human cognitive development as a(n)
a.butterfly that evolves from one qualitative level of processing to the next.
b.computer that develops a larger “hard drive memory” and a “faster central processing unit.”
c.iceberg in which little processing can be seen, but a great deal is occurring at the unconscious level.
d.mechanical calculator, unaffected by biological factors.
56.An information-processing theorist would most likely conceptualize all built-in neural structures that assist the operations of the mind as
a.mental hardware.c.mental software.
b.private speech.d.psychodynamic mechanisms.
57.By definition, attention determines
b.the attainment of formal operational thought.
c.which sensory information receives additional cognitive processing.
d.the belief in animism.
58.Although the sound is unfamiliar, when six-month-old Cagney sees the flashing lights on the police car, she keeps her eyes locked on the lights. She also begins to show a decrease in heart rate. Which concept best explains Cagney’s reaction?
b.An orienting responsed.The stable-order principle
59.Orienting responses tend to occur to _____ stimuli.
a.weak and familiarc.strong and familiar
b.weak and unfamiliard.strong and unfamiliar
60.____ could be defined as a diminished response to a familiar stimulus.