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51.The Clayton Act was

A)declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court.

B)repealed by the next Congress.

C)vetoed by President Wilson.

D)eviscerated by President George W. Bush.

52.Which of the following acts limited the power of unions?

A)The Taft-Hartley Act

B)The Norris-LaGuardia Act

C)The National Industrial Recovery Act

D)The Wagner Act

53.Which of the following granted collective bargaining rights to Federal government workers?

A)The Taft-Hartley Act

B)The Norris-LaGuardia Act

C)The National Industrial Recovery Act

D)An executive order of President Kennedy

54.The future of private sector labor unions is

A)bright, because of the success of the PATCO strike.

B)bright, because of the increased availability of undocumented workers from other countries.

C)bleak, because of the growing economic importance of small employers in service industries.

D)bleak, because of the recent increases in the minimum wage earned by non-union workers.

55.The future of private sector labor unions is

A)bright, because of the booming Chinese export-driven economy.

B)bleak, because of the growing economic influence of Walmart upon its suppliers.

C)bleak, because of the sweep of Congress by Democrats in 2006.

D)bright, because of the numerous recent innovations in recreational technologies now available for overworked and highly-stressed union members.

56.The future of private sector labor unions is

A)bleak, because of growing pressure on U.S.manufacturers from foreign competition to control costs.

B)bleak, because of the recent increases in the minimum wage earned by non-union workers.

C)bright, because of rapid growth of maquiladoras on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande.

D)bright, because of the surging college enrollment trends of recent U.S. high school graduates.

57.The future of private sector labor unions is

A)bright, because of the spectacular success of the PATCO strike.

B)bright, because of the increased availability of undocumented workers from other countries.

C)bleak, because of the growing economic importance of the service and retailing industries.

D)bleak, because of the recent increases in the minimum wage earned by non-union workers.

58.In 2005, the membership of the AFL-CIO changed significantly when the

A)CIO separated from the AFL.

B)Teamsters and other unions withdrew from the umbrella organization.

C)AFL-CIO became a union of public-sector employees only.

D)AFL-CIO was able to organize its first factories in mainland China.

59.Firefighters and other municipal employees can have a key advantage when unionizing because

A)municipal employers tend to be much less inexperienced negotiators.

B)municipal employees such as firefighters tend to be much more aggressive negotiators.

C)municipal employers, unlike private-sector employers, are always strongly pro-union.

D)municipal employers, unlike businesses, are unable to move to another state to avoid unionization.

60.The 2005 dispute between the Teamsters and the AFL-CIO centered around whether union

A)resources would be devoted to electing sympathetic politicians or expanding union membership.

B)negotiating priorities would seek hourly wage increases over a shorter work week.

C)members who were truck drivers would also be required to unload their own trucks.

D)negotiating priorities would seek improved healthcare benefits over hourly wage increases.

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