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51. Which of the following NOT a term that relates

Question : 51. Which of the following NOT a term that relates : 1997992

51. Which of the following is NOT a term that relates to an adolescent’s belief that his or her own behavior is unique and a primary focus of others’ attentions and concerns?

a)adolescent egocentrism

b)formal operational thought disorder

c)personal fable

d)imaginary audience

52. 16-year-old Sally primps in front of every mirror she comes across, and believes that she is the focus of everyone’s attention – even fictitious observers. Sally is demonstrating

a) adolescent egocentrism.

b)imaginary audience.

c)formal operation thought disorder.

d)personal fable.

53. Egocentrism leads to a distortion in thinking: the notion that one’s experiences are unique. This may lead the adolescent to develop

a)mental illness.

b)imaginary audience.

c)formal operation thought disorder.

d)personal fable.

54. The view held by some adolescents that what happens to them is unique, exceptional, and shared by no one else is called

a)imaginary audience.

b)personal fable.

c)adolescent egocentrism.

d)formal operation thought disorder.

55. Adolescents who engage in risky behaviors such as not using condoms when engaging in sexual activity and driving recklessly when drunk are exhibiting

a)adolescent postformalism.

b)an imaginary audience.

c)formal operation thought disorder.

d)the personal fable.

56. Because independent measures of achievement, such as SAT scores, have not risen in the past decade, but overall grades in school have risen over the past decade, the most likely explanation for this is

a)student performance in school has changed for the better, and the students are demonstrating more achievement.

b)student performance in school has changed for the better because they are cheating more on tests.

c)instructors have become more lenient, awarding higher grades for the same performance, known as “grade inflation.”

d)independent measures of achievement, such as the SAT, are harder tests than they used to be a decade ago.

57. All of the following are factors to consider regarding the gap in educational achievement between U.S. students and other students around the world EXCEPT

a)U.S. students spend less time in classes and get less intensive instruction.

b)there is a broader diversity of students in the U.S. when compared to the student body of other countries where the school population is more homogeneous and affluent.

c)U.S. parents and students do not care as much about education as do parents and students from other countries.

d)low high school graduation rates of U.S. students.

58. Which of the following countries’ students has the highest academic achievement in math and science in the world?

a)Japan

b)U.S.

c)Italy

d)Finland

59. All of the following are reasons why children from a lower socioeconomic status (SES) do not do as well in school as children from middle or high SES EXCEPT

a)children from middle and high SES groups are born with genetically superior IQ potential.

b)children from low SES groups often lack sufficient nutrition and may have more health problems.

c)children from low SES groups often attend inadequate or low-performing schools.

d)children from low SES groups often live in cramped conditions and lack adequate space and learning tools (books, computer, etc.) to do their homework.

60. Which of the following students is likely to demonstrate the greatest academic achievement?

a)Caucasian American

b)African American

c)Asian American

d)


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