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51. (p. 29) Freud was criticized by feminists because: A. he believed that girls were

Question : 51. (p. 29) Freud was criticized by feminists because: A. he believed that girls were : 1411436

 

51. (p. 29) Freud was criticized by feminists because: 

A. he believed that girls were fixated on their mothers during the phallic stage.

B. he considered women to be biologically inferior to men.

C. he studied the sexual desires and preferences of women and not men.

D. he believed that boys were hostile toward their mothers during the phallic stage.

52. (p. 29) The concept "_____" was coined by Karen Horney to describe men's wishful feelings about women's reproductive capacity. 

A. castration anxiety

B. penis envy

C. labian anxiety

D. womb envy

53. (p. 29) One of Freud's major contributions to the study of sexuality was: 

A. his discovery that boys experienced womb envy during the phallic stage.

B. his recognition that humans pass through stages of psychological development.

C. his discovery that children displayed no sexual curiosity until puberty.

D. his assertion that the environment influenced people more than biological determinants.

54. (p. 29) How are the psychoanalytic and sociobiological theories similar? 

A. They are both based on the notion that human sexual behavior is biologically controlled.

B. They both place excessive emphasis on the role that learning plays in shaping behavior.

C. They both focus on the sexuality and survival of the group, instead of the individual.

D. They both ignore the role that sex plays in the propagation of species.

55. (p. 30) Since the stimulation of the clitoris and penis are automatically pleasurable, an orgasm that results from such a stimulation is classified as a(n): 

A. conditioned response.

B. unconditioned response.

C. unconditioned stimulus.

D. conditioned stimulus.

56. (p. 30) Leah's boyfriend always wears a particular brand of cologne during their dates and sexual encounters. Now, whenever she meets a man wearing the same cologne, she feels sexually aroused. This learning is an example of: 

A. classical conditioning.

B. operant conditioning.

C. the Oedipus complex.

D. the Electra complex.

57. (p. 30) _____ conditioning is the process of changing the frequency of certain behavior by following it with positive reinforcement (which will make the behavior more frequent in the future) or punishment (which should make the behavior less frequent in the future). 

A. Sociobiological

B. Operant

C. Oedipal

D. Climacteric

58. (p. 30) A woman with a vaginal infection repeatedly experienced pain during penetration, leading her to eventually stop having sexual intercourse. This is an example of _____. 

A. relative conditioning

B. operant conditioning

C. the Oedipus complex

D. the Electra complex

59. (p. 31) Studies on operant conditioning suggest that: 

A. punishments are more effective shapers of our behavior than rewards.

B. rewards are more effective shapers of our behavior than punishments.

C. delayed punishments are highly effective if the behavior elicits an immediate reward.

D. delayed punishments are more effective at eliminating behavior than immediate punishments.

60. (p. 31) Which of the following is a major difference between the psychoanalytic and the learning theories? 

A. Unlike learning theorists, psychoanalytic theorists believe that the determinants of human sexual behavior occur in early childhood.

B. Unlike learning theorists, psychoanalytic theorists believe that sexual behavior can be learned and changed at any time in one's lifespan.

C. Unlike psychoanalytic theorists, learning theorists believe that the determinants of human sexual behavior occur in early childhood.

D. Unlike psychoanalytic theorists, learning theorists believe that the determinants of sexual behavior have been hardwired into human brains by evolution.

 

 

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