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51) A substance, such as caffeine, that increases fluid loss

Question : 51) A substance, such as caffeine, that increases fluid loss : 1403880

 

51) A substance, such as caffeine, that increases fluid loss via the urine is called:

A) a diuretic.

B) osmotic pressure.

C) metabolic water.

D) a phytic acid.

52) The fluid lost via sweating and respiration is called:

A) sensible water.

B) osmosis.

C) insensible water.

D) metabolic water.

53) In the extracellular fluid, sodium and ________ predominate.

A) potassium

B) chloride

C) phosphorus

D) aldosterone

54) The movement of water from areas where solutes are less concentrated to areas where they are most concentrated is called:

A) migration.

B) permeation.

C) sensible water loss.

D) osmosis.

55) The three major systems that account for the body's ability to regulate acid-base balance are the lungs, the kidneys, and:

A) the intestines.

B) blood buffers.

C) bone structure.

D) the brain.

56) Blood pressure exerted in the arteries during heart contractions is called:

A) diastolic.

B) systolic.

C) elevated.

D) anabolic.

57) The majority of individuals with hypertension are diagnosed with ________ hypertension.

A) secondary

B) aggravated

C) resistant

D) primary

58) Lean tissue contains a greater percentage of fluid compared with fat tissue.

59) Approximately 2/3 of the body fluid is held intracellularly.

60) Elderly people have more total body water percentage than infants.

 

 

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