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41. The goal of the stereotype is to give us something to go on or help up prepare to interact effectively with a person we do know well.

a. True

b.False

42. Understanding that someone may be consistently late because they come from a culture known for valuing relationships over time efficiency is an example of utilizing a stereotype accurately.

a. True

b.False

43. Individuals from __________ cultures value relationships over time efficiency.

a.polychronic

b.individualistic

c.high power distance

d. masculine

44. The _______________ occurs when a person begins to act in a manner consistent with the expectations placed upon him by others.

a.behavioristic expectation

b.individualistic expectation

c.power distance

d. self-fulfilling prophecy

45. Because Joseph was perceived by other students as the class clown, he began disrupting class more and more to get laughs from his peers. The other students’ expectations for his behavior created a(n) _________.*

a.self-fulfilling prophecy

b.individualistic expectation

c.power distance

d. behavioristic expectation

46. Although Samantha studied hard, she had trouble getting grades higher than a C. Her father, frustrated by her lackluster performance, remarked she would never succeed at this rate. Samantha soon gave up trying, and her grades slipped from Cs to Ds and Fs. Her behavior is a example of _________.

a.self-fulfilling prophecy

b.individualistic expectation

c.power distance

d. behavioristic expectation

47. Stereotypes persist because we tend to pay more attention to information consistent with our views rather than contrary to our views. This is also known as a ________.

a.self-fulfilling prophecy

b.confirmation bias

c.schematic direction

d. behavioristic expectation

48. One example of the confirmation bias is the types of information remembered about ingroup and outgroup members. Which of the following statements best describes this relationship?

a.We are less likely to remember positive acts conducted by members of our ingroup and more likely to remember positive acts performed by those in the outgroup.

b.We are equally likely to remember positive and negative acts regardless of ingroup- outgroup status.

c.We are more likely to remember negative acts conducted by members of our ingroup and positive acts performed by those in the outgroup.

d. We are more likely to remember positive acts conducted by members of our ingroup and more likely to remember negative acts performed by those in the outgroup.

49. Sometimes we assume that members of the outgroup are more alike than members of the ingroup. This is called _________.

a.need for structure

b.categorizing

c.outgroup homogeneity effect

d.outgroup heterogeneity effect

50.Andrea grew up in a home that referred to Hispanic individuals as “those Mexicans.”  Although she has never spent any time with individuals who are Hispanic, it is possible for her to develop stereotypes and prejudice through family teachings.

a.True

b.False

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