41) Overhydration most commonly occurs in: A) healthy adults who

Question : 41) Overhydration most commonly occurs in: A) healthy adults who : 1403879


41) Overhydration most commonly occurs in:

A) healthy adults who consume primarily vegetables and fruits.

B) people with health problem that cause the kidneys to retain too much water.

C) infants and young children.

D) athletes.

42) Your urine color should be ________ if properly hydrated.

A) foul smelling

B) dark yellow

C) clear to pale yellow

D) slightly cloudy

43) A potentially fatal condition characterized by the failure of the body's heat-regulating mechanisms is:

A) hypertension.

B) fever.

C) dehydration.

D) heat stroke.

44) In the majority of cases, the cause of hypertension is:

A) excessive salt intake.

B) kidney disease.

C) sleep apnea.

D) unknown.

45) Hypertension affects approximately ________ of all adult Americans.

A) 5%

B) 30%

C) 60%

D) 75%

46) Optimal blood pressure is a systolic pressure less than 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure less than ________ mmHg.

A) 100

B) 80

C) 140

D) 90

47) Which of the following has NOT been shown to improve blood pressure levels?

A) losing weight

B) eating more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables

C) drinking 1 to 2 glasses of white wine per day

D) not smoking or quitting smoking

48) A U.S. population group that is at particularly high risk for heart disease and its complications is hypertensive:

A) Caucasian women.

B) African Americans.

C) Hispanic men.

D) Asian Americans.

49) Substances dissolved in a fluid are called ________.

A) ions

B) electrolytes

C) solvents

D) solutes

50) The MOST significant contributor to weight gain and obesity in the United States in recent years has been:

A) produce prices.

B) soft drinks and fruit juices.

C) shorter work weeks.

D) ready-made meals.



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