36. According to the textbook, under the existing U.S. campaign : 1800972
36. According to the textbook, under the existing U.S. campaign contributions law, individuals can contribute:
A. Up to $1,400 to any candidate per election.
B. Up to $2,500 to any candidate per election.
C. Up to $5,400 to any candidate per election.
D. Nothing, only organizations can contribute to candidates.
37. According to the textbook, under the existing U.S. campaign contribution law, individuals:
A. Can give more to PACs, and PACs can always give more to individual candidates.
B. Can give more to PACs, and PACs can give more to each candidate depending on their number of contributors.
C. Cannot give more to PACs, but PACs can give more to individual candidates.
D. Cannot give more to PACs, and PACs cannot give more to individual candidates.
38. Which type of organization’s political action committee gave the greatest amount by total contribution in 2011 – 2012?
A. A trade association.
B. A labor union.
C. A business.
D. An academic institution.
39. Economic leverage occurs when a business uses it economic power to:
A. Hire lobbyists to gain a desired political action.
B. Pay for the costs of regulation to acquire a desired political action.
C. Threaten to leave a location unless a desired political action is taken.
D. Buyout another firm to acquire a desired political action.
40. Advocacy ads are also called:
A. Issue advertisements.
B. Research and development plans.
C. Constituent advertisements.
D. Price control advertisements.
41. Supporters of advocacy advertisements believe that they:
A. Identify a company as an interested and active stakeholder.
B. Can help mold public opinion on a particular policy issue.
C. Increase union activity and long-term expenses for an organization.
D. Both A and B, but not C.
42. Trade associations are:
A. Coalitions of companies in the same or related industries.
B. Prohibited by U.S. law.
C. Made up of unionized workers.
D. Found in developing countries.
43. When a business seeks to overturn a law after it has been passed or threatens to challenge the legal legitimacy of the new regulation in the courts, this is called:
B. Overturn lobbying.
C. Legal challenges.
44. When a firm solicits its stockholders for political contributions for a particular candidate by letter and then sends those contributions to the candidate on behalf of its stockholders, it is called:
D. Constituency building.
45. When managers become personally involved in developing public policy, the firm is at what level of business political involvement?
A. Limited organizational involvement.
B. Moderate organizational involvement.
C. Aggressive organizational involvement.
D. Holistic organizational involvement.