31.  When people show certain patterns in responding to survey

Question : 31.  When people show certain patterns in responding to survey : 1991636

31.  When people show certain patterns in responding to survey questions, like tending to give low ratings regardless of question content, they are showing

a.  satisficing.

b.  optimizing.

c.  response bias.

d.  impression management.

32.  When respondents give the same or nearly the same value in a rating task regardless of the question, they are engaged in

a.  satisficing.

b.  optimizing.

c.  response bias.

d.  nondifferentiation.

33.  Researchers have investigated whether telephone surveys can lead to high quality data when the surveyor is studying a sensitive issue.  The results reveal that

a.  telephone surveys can lead to high quality data, even with sensitive issues.

b.  the surveyors can get high quality data on the telephone by stressing how important it is to answer questions without being embarrassed.

c.  telephone surveys are rarely useful for collecting high quality data with sensitive issues.

d.  because telephones afford anonymity, people are willing to report about sensitive behaviors when the interviewer is very different from them.

34. Research on whether people provide high quality answers on sensitive topics in internet surveys has shown that

a. internet-based responses are more valid than telephone-based answers.

b. internet-based responses are less valid than telephone-based answers.

c. there are no notable differences in the quality of answers compared to traditional survey techniques.

d. the patterns of responses are complex, and researchers have not been able to sort out the differences yet.

35.  Sometimes, respondents engage in active deception to keep the researcher from forming a negative image of the respondent.  This behavior is called

a.  self-deception positivity.

b.  impression management.

c.  acquiescence.

d.  satisficing.

36.  When people respond to survey question such that they do not consciously give inaccurate responses but give a relatively honest, but very positive, self report, it is called

a.  impression management.

b.  satisficing.

c.  self-deception positivity.

d.  optimizing.

37.  If you responded to survey questions about yourself in such a way that your answers were generally honest, but the picture you gave of yourself was overly positive, you would be engaging in

a.  impression management

b.  satisficing.

c.  optimizing.

d.  self-deception positivity.

38.  If you consciously gave inaccurate answers on a survey in order to keep the surveyor from forming a negative image of you, you would be engaging in

a.  impression management.

b.  acquiescence.

c.  optimizing

d.  self-deception positivity.

39.  Men and women sometimes respond to surveys in such a way as to give the impression that they conform to society’s stereotypes, even when their true behaviors are different from what they report.  Such behavior is called

a.  nondifferentiation.

b.  impression management.

c.  optimizing.

d.  acquiescence.

40.  Research has revealed that we can reduce social desirability bias by

a.  telling respondents that we will be able to detect false responses on their part.

b.  avoiding forced choice responses and creating open-ended questions instead.

c.  educating respondents about the possibility of such bias.

d.  presenting only one side of an issue in a given question so respondents cannot focus on only the positive response.

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