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31) What the difference between discovery science and hypothesis-driven science? A)

Question : 31) What the difference between discovery science and hypothesis-driven science? A) : 2041388

31) What is the difference between discovery science and hypothesis-driven science?

A) Discovery science "discovers" new knowledge, whereas hypothesis-driven science does not.

B) Discovery science is based on deductive reasoning, whereas hypothesis-driven science is based on inductive reasoning.

C) Discovery science is mostly about describing nature, whereas hypothesis-driven science tries to explain nature.

D) Discovery science involves predictions about outcomes, whereas hypothesis-driven science involves tentative answers to specific questions.

32) Which of these statements is correct?

A) Scientific ideas are subjected to repeated testing.

B) Science can be used to prove or disprove the idea that deities or spirits cause earthquakes and other natural disasters.

C) Science does not require observations that other people can confirm.

D) Only discovery science can lead to important conclusions about nature.

33) Discovery science is primarily based on ______.

A) hypothesis testing

B) deduction

C) experimentation

D) observation

34) Which of these would be a valid hypothesis?

A) Human history is determined by a series of supernatural events.

B) Humans should help in the conservation of other animal species.

C) Humans are controlled by forces beyond our understanding.

D) Humans and bacteria share a common genetic code.

35) A hypothesis is a(n) ______.

A) tentative answer to a question

B) guess

C) observation

D) theory

36) You try to start your car, but it does not start. Which of these is a hypothesis?

A) My car's battery is dead.

B) If I recharge the battery, then my car will start.

C) My car is too old to function properly.

D) What is wrong with my car?

37) You try to start your car, but it does not start. Which of these is a prediction?

A) My car's battery is dead.

B) If I recharge the battery, then my car will start.

C) My car is too old to function properly.

D) What is wrong with my car?

38) Which of the following are the proper components of the scientific method?

A) experiment, conclusion, application

B) question, observation, experiment, analysis, prediction

C) observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, results, conclusion

D) observation, question, opinion, conclusion, hypothesis

39) In a scientific experiment, the control group ______.

A) serves as a basis of comparison with the experimental group

B) is subjected to the factor whose effect is being tested

C) allows for the simultaneous testing of multiple variables

D) is required for the validity of discovery science

40) How do hypotheses differ from theories?

A) Theories are more comprehensive than hypotheses.

B) Theories must be testable; hypotheses do not need to be testable.

C) Hypotheses are educated guesses, and theories are tentative explanations.

D) Hypotheses are derived from experimentation, whereas theories are derived from observation.

41) Antibiotic resistance evolves in bacteria because ______.

A) the presence of antibiotics favors bacteria that already have genes for resistance

B) farmers do not use enough antibiotics in animal feed

C) the antibiotics create resistance genes in bacteria

D) none of the above

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