3) Why are many psychologists skeptical of claims that hypnosis represents a true altered state of consciousness?
Answer: Answers will vary but should contain the following information for full credit.
--One key point of contention is that the ability to experience hypnosis is related to one's receptivity to suggestibility. Therefore, unlike dreams, it is a state of consciousness that only some people, not all, will experience.
--A second key point is the fact that much of what occurs during the hypnotic state involves one responding to cues from the hypnotist. For many, this seems to support the idea of role-playing rather than altered consciousness.
--Also, there is no unique brain state identified with being hypnotised as one might expect if it were, in fact, different from normal consciousness.
--Lastly, the idea of a hidden observer may serve as an additional cue to the person about how to act rather than represent a true, unique state of consciousness.