1) When Turing developed his test, researchers believed that : 1907262
1) When Turing developed his test, researchers believed that "natural language" was beyond the abilities of computers.
2) The Universality Principle refers to a property of computation that all computers with a minimal set of instructions can compute the same set of computations.
3) The Doctor program (also known as Eliza), developed by MIT researcher Joseph Weizenbaum, clearly demonstrated that a computer does have intelligence.
4) Because learning is probably even more difficult than being intelligent, loading a database for the computer to use saves the computer the need to “learn from experience.”
5) Medicine is one area beyond the realm of future applications of Watson.
22.2 Multiple Choice
1) When a computer plays chess, the information is represented in:
A) natural language
C) black and white
2) A conceptualization of the possible future configurations of a game is called a(n):
A) game tree
B) future move diagram
C) schematic answer tree
D) reachable point diagram
3) The IBM computer that is credited with beating the reigning chess grand master Garry Kasparov is:
C) Deep Blue
D) Deep Space Homer
4) IBMs semantic analysis system that competed on and won during a special edition of Jeopardy!:
A) included access to the Internet
B) featured a huge database
C) lacked the ability to parse English
D) all of the above
5) In programming, rules that describe how to operate on other rules are:
A) super rules
B) advanced rules
D) operational rules