21.When Finis, a manufacturer of swimming gear, developed SwiMP3, a waterproof music player, it probably created several product prototypes before settling on a design.
22.Milestones are formal review points that tend to lengthen the innovation process.
23.When Finis, a manufacturer of swimming gear, developed SwiMP3, a waterproof music player, it probably used milestones to make sure the innovative product was brought to market in a timely fashion.
24.Fully functional change occurs when incremental improvements are made to a dominant technological design so that the improved version of the technology is fully backward compatible with the older version.
25.Organizational decline occurs when companies don’t anticipate, recognize, neutralize, or adapt to the internal or external pressures that threaten their survival.
26.Organizational decline is typically reversible at any of its five stages.
27.In a properly managed organization, there will be no resistance to needed change.
28.When Robert Haas became the CEO of Levi Strauss & Company, he wanted to change the company’s mission “from dressing the world in riveted denim to showing that a company driven by social values could outperform a company hostage to profits alone.” This mission statement change shows social responsibility and would not have met any resistance.
29.According to Kurt Lewin, managing organizational change is a simple process that requires organizational dialogue, change intervention, and reformatting.
30.Resistance to change results from organizational factors, such as the absence of promotion guidelines, bonuses, and praise.