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21.When DaimlerChrysler learned that it took longer than any other U.S. car manufacturer to assemble a vehicle, it entered which period of the innovation stream when it purchased newer, more flexible manufacturing systems to replace its older ones?

a.technological adaptation

b.the era of dominant design

c.the technological growth stage

d.change substitution

e.discontinuous change

22.Kodak is a company name that is associated with photography. The company has recognized that digital photography is a threat to the future growth of the company. Therefore, the company has decided to become a market leader in digital imaging. The development of the digital camera forced Kodak into the innovation stream because the new imaging process was a(n):

a.technological subtraction

b.technological discontinuity

c.process obsolescence

d.process addition

e.example of design advantage

23.Kodak is a company name that is associated with photography. The company has recognized that digital photography is a threat to the future growth of the company. Therefore, the company has decided to become a market leader in digital imaging. As Kodak tried to compete in this new innovation stream, it entered:

a.technological adaptation

b.the era of dominant design

c.the technological growth stage

d.change substitution

e.discontinuous change

24.____ is the phase of a technology cycle that is characterized by technological substitution and design competition.

a.Technological adaptation

b.The era of dominant design

c.The technological growth stage

d.Change substitution

e.Discontinuous change

25.The term ____ refers to the purchase of new technologies to replace older ones.

a.adaptive change

b.design replacement

c.technological substitution

d.dominant design

e.innovative exchange

26.Discontinuous change in an innovation stream is characterized by:

a.synergy

b.technological substitution

c.incremental change

d.empathetic design

e.innovative reciprocity

27.Kodak is a company name that is associated with photography. The company has recognized that digital photography is a threat to the future growth of the company. Therefore, the company has decided to become a market leader in digital imaging while still providing customer support for people still using film cameras. The existence of both technologies is an example of:

a.design substitution

b.modular management

c.design competition

d.hierarchical management

e.a creative flow

28.During the ____ phase of a technology cycle, companies innovate by lowering the cost and improving the functioning and performance of the dominant design.

a.technological discontinuity

b.discontinuous change

c.dominant design

d.incremental change

e.technological continuity

29.In order, from beginning to end, the phases of a technology cycle within an innovation stream consist of:

a.incremental change, discontinuous change, dominant design, and technological discontinuity

b.discontinuous change, incremental change, technological discontinuity, and dominant design

c.dominant design, discontinuous change, era of incremental change, and technological discontinuity

d.technological discontinuity, discontinuous change, dominant design, and incremental change

e.technological discontinuity, incremental change, discontinuous change, and technological continuity

30.The auto industry has been perfecting the internal combustion engine (ICE) for some 120 years. There is plenty of work ongoing at all of the auto companies on alternatives to ICEs. The money invested by them is measured in billions of dollars. The Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV), the cooperative program between the Big Three automakers and the U.S. government to replace ICEs with electric engines, has been operating since 1993. The internal combustion engine (ICE) is an example of:

a.a dominant design

b.design dichotomy

c.a synergistic design

d.a differential design

e.a dichotomous product

 

 

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