21.Margo and Kwesi went to college together and were sorority sisters. After graduation, Margo took a managerial position in a medical research company. One month ago Margo hired Kwesi to work for her. Today Kwesi has asked Margo for a week’s vacation even though employees are not permitted vacations until they have been employed by the company for one full year. If Margo says, “Yes,” she will be guilty of which kind of workplace deviance?
22.The U.S. Sentencing Commission Guidelines impose smaller fines on companies that:
a.have never before violated ethics principles
b.have already established a specific type of compliance program
c.have already established an affirmative action program
d.were unaware of the unethical behavior of employees
e.have an ethics mentoring program
23.Video Arts Inc., a Chicago-based business training company, is currently marketing The Grapevine, a 30-minute training video designed to teach companies how to deal with and prevent damaging gossip. The video is selling well due to growing concerns about:
24.According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission Guidelines, what is one method used to determine the level of the offense (i.e., the seriousness of the problem)?
a.by examining the personal codes of ethics of top managers of offending companies
b.by examining the loss incurred by the victims
c.by determining how much competitive advantage was created
d.by looking at industry standards
e.by doing all of these
25.What does it mean when the text says that the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines use a “carrot and stick” approach?
a.It’s a method of punishment similar to Halloween “trick or treat” practices.
b.It rewards quick-responding reactive organizations.
c.It offers lower fines to companies that take proactive steps.
d.It asks companies not to emphasize just one area of ethical behavior.
e.none of these
26.To create a compliance program that is acceptable under the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines, a company should:
a.establish standards and procedures to meet the company’s business needs
b.put upper-level managers in charge of the compliance program
c.encourage employees to report violations
d.train employees on standards and procedures
e.do all of these
27.When addressing issues of high __________, managers are more aware of the impact their decisions have on others, they are more likely to view the decision as an ethical decision, and they are more likely to worry about doing the right thing.
d.proximity of effect
28.What is the term used to describe the degree of concern people have about an ethical issue?
d.Magnitude of consequences
29.Ethical intensity depends on all of the following EXCEPT:
b.probability of effect
c.proximity of effect
e.concentration of effect
30.Ethical intensity depends on:
a.magnitude of dilemma
c.intent of the manager
d.probability of synergy