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21.Goal acceptance, in goal-setting theory, means that employees have to

Question : 21.Goal acceptance, in goal-setting theory, means that employees have to : 1402259

 

21.Goal acceptance, in goal-setting theory, means that employees have to "buy into" the goals and be committed to them.

a.True

b.False

22.Goal-setting theory proposes that managers can increase motivation by setting specific, challenging goals that are accepted as valid by subordinates, then helping people track their progress toward goal achievement by providing timely feedback.

a.True

b.False

23.Goal specificity, in goal-setting theory, refers to the difficulty level of goals.

a.True

b.False

24.The equity theory focuses on individual's perceptions of how fairly they are treated relative to others.

a.True

b.False

25.The equity theory, by J. Stacy Adams, states that equity exists when the ratio of outcomes to inputs for one person is equal to the same ratio for another person.

a.True

b.False

26.Expectancy theory is based on the relationship among the individual's effort and performance and not on the desirability of outcomes.

a.True

b.False

27.Motivation increases, according to the expectancy theory, when the worker believes that the successful performance will result by putting effort into a given task. This is called E-P expectancy.

a.True

b.False

28.According to expectancy theory, for an employee to be highly motivated, E-P expectancy and valence must be maximized.

a.True

b.False

29.Valence is the perceived value of a reward or outcome.

a.True

b.False

30.The expectancy theory attempts to define specific types of needs or rewards to establish that they exist and may be similar to other individuals.

a.True

b.False

 

 

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