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21.  One of the difficulties surveying people about rare events

Question : 21.  One of the difficulties surveying people about rare events : 1991635

21.  One of the difficulties surveying people about rare events is that

a.  those events are likely to involve sensitive issues that people are reluctant to discuss.

b. a small increase in the rate of false positives leads to a very large, inaccurate estimate when generalized to the population.

c.  people have very different attitudes about rare events, so accurate responses are to get.

d.  people are likely to show high levels of acquiescence about such items.

22.  When people try to recall memories from the distant past, they often mistakenly believe that those events occurred more recently than they really did.  This phenomenon is called

a.  optimizing.

b.  satisficing.

c.  telescoping.

d.  temporary availability.

23.  By the time a person is near the end of a questionnaire, the responses

a.  have probably shifted from optimizing to acquiescence.

b.  will no longer show telescoping.

c.  will be affected by how the respondent answered earlier questions.

d.  will show high levels of self-deception positivity.

24.  Asking people to recall a lot of details when they complete a questionnaire

a.  will lead to accurate recall of only chronically accessible information.

b.  may lead to recall of details that are not true.

c.  generates accurate information with overspecific quantifiers.

d.  works best if they are focused on emotional words in the questions.

25.  Emotionally laden words in an attitude question in a survey

a.  may distract a person from the true meaning of the item.

b.  lead to better recall of temporarily accessible information than of chronically accessible information.

c.  lead to greater willingness of respondents to talk about the topic under investigation.

d.  often cause people to make up attitudes on the spot because they think they should have them.

26.  When people are able to retrieve information readily in response to an item on a questionnaire, we say that the memories or feelings are

a.  self-selected.

b.  chronically accessible.

c.  telescoped.

d.  optimized.

27.  When people are able to retrieve information from memory only after being primed by an earlier question on the topic, we say that the memory is

a.  targeted.

b.  nondifferentiated.

c.  temporarily accessible.

d.  respondent driven.

28.  Sometimes the results of survey research on sensitive topics like drunken driving, illegal drug use, etc. may not be useful because

a.  people tend to acquiesce when responding to such topics.

b.  people’s responses in such research are often tailored to generate a reaction.

c.  people tend to repress their memories of such information, so they can’t report on it.

d.  people may ignore questions and not respond to them.

29.  When respondents to a survey are asked about their attitude toward a fictional event that they could not know anything about, they

a.  may make up an attitude about it on the spot that seems to make sense.

b.  engage in nondifferentiation in their responses.

c.  stop trying to figure out the purpose of the survey and make answers to fulfill the researcher’s expectations.

d.  tend to show self-deception positivity.

30.  When respondents make up an attitude on the spot while answering a question,

a.  the researcher can find out by asking the respondent to answer the question again.

b.  the respondents respond more slowly than when they have a pre-existing attitude.

c.  they usually claim to hold that attitude firmly and deeply.

d.  they may engage in impression management tactics.

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