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161. Psychologist George Vaillant believed that a stage entered between the ages of 20 and 40, when young adults become centered on their careers, is called

a)realistic period.

b)fantasy period.

c)career consolidation.

d)tentative period.

162. According to psychologist George Vaillant’s longitudinal research study of male Harvard graduates, which of the following usually occur when a man is in his late 20s and early 30s?

a)he remains single.

b)he shows greater independence and autonomy.

c)he concentrates on his career.

d)he fulfills obligations to his parents.

163. What was a conclusion developed by John Holland in his personality type theory?

a)A person should choose a career based on certain personality characteristics.

b)Certain personality types match well with certain careers.

c)Career success will depend on the particular training of the person.

d)Happiness in a career is dependent on a post-secondary education.

164. According to Ginzberg, the period lasting until about age 11, when career choices are made, and discarded, without regard to skills, abilities, or available job opportunities is called

a)career consolidation.

b)fantasy period.

c)tentative period.

d)realistic period.

165. When Bobby was 8 years old, he was sure he wanted to grow up to be a fireman.  But just a year later, Bobby told everybody that when he grew up he wanted to be an astronaut.  Still, a couple of years passed, and when he was around 11 years old he changed his mind again and wanted to be a professional hockey player.  According to Ginzberg, Bobby is in the

a)tentative period.

b)career consolidation period.

c)realistic period.

d)fantasy period.

166. According to Ginzberg’s theory, the second stage, which spans adolescence, when people begin to think in pragmatic terms about the requirements of various jobs and how their own abilities might fit with them, is called

a)realistic period.

b)career consolidation.

c)tentative period.

d)fantasy period.

167. Jack is 16-years-old and wants to become an architect like his father and eventually take over the family architectural firm when he grows up.  However, Jack has been evaluated and found to have a specific learning disability in mathematics.  Jack may need to reconsider his plans based on the difficulty he experiences with all forms of math.  According to Ginzberg, Jack is in the

a)fantasy period.

b)tentative period.

c)career consolidation period.

d)realistic period.

168. According to Ginzberg’s theory, the third stage, which occurs in early adulthood when people begin to explore specific career options, is called

a)fantasy period.

b)tentative period.

c)career consolidation period.

d)realistic period.

169. Sheila went to university to study accounting and got her first entry-level job right after she graduated.  However, as Sheila gained more experience at the law firm where she worked, she became more knowledgeable about tax law and decided to make a commitment to go to law school and become a tax lawyer.  According to Ginzberg, Sheila is in the

a)tentative period.

b)realistic period.

c)career consolidation period.

d)fantasy period.

170. According to psychologist John Holland’s research, the greater the correspondence between career choices and _____________, the happier people will be in their choice.

a)family/marriage responsibilities

b)family history and birth order

c)physical attributes and genetic predisposition

d)personality traits

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