141. Which of the following theorists would say that a : 1990447
141. Which of the following theorists would say that a child's guilt results from the conflict
between the child's values and the child's internalized parental values?
a. Freudc. Skinner
b. Rogersd. Eysenck
142. Jeff has to get up early to go to school, but he wants to stay up late and watch television.
His parents disapprove of him staying up late, but when they go out for the evening he
disregards their wishes and stays up late anyway. The next day he feels extremely guilty.
How would Carl Rogers explain Jeff's guilt?
a. It results from Jeff's inferiority complex, which has been enlarged by Jeff's adoption
of his parents' value judgments about staying up late.
b. It results from the conflict between Jeff's need to seek pleasure and his desire to do
well in school.
c. It results from a psychological conflict between Jeff's personal desire to stay up late
and the opinion adopted from his parents that it is wrong to stay up late.
d. It results from an overactive superego, which is punishing Jeff's id for gratifying his
143. According to humanistic theorists, when people lose sight of ______, they become
constricted, rigid. defensive, and fell threatened and anxious.
a. the goals of their ego idealc. sense of identity
b. their personad. inborn potential
144. ______ categorize and describe the ways in which developed adult personalities differ.
a. Psychodynamic theoriesc. Trait theories
b. Humanistic theoriesd. Cognitive-social learning theories
145. Which of the following theorists would be most likely to analyze a client in terms of how
she or he behaves in the present, rather than focusing on her or his early childhood?
a. Freudc. Erikson
b. Cattelld. Rogers
146. One theory suggests that people differ on a number of dimensions, such as dependency,
aggressiveness, anxiety, and sociability. These characteristics are known as ______.
a. personality traitsc. somatotypes
b. archetypesd. compensatory factors
147. Cattell identified groups of traits by using a statistical technique called ______.
a. analysis of variancec. stepwise regression
b. factor analysisd. scatter plotting
148. Cattell and Allport are both prominent ______ theorists.
a. psychodynamicc. trait
b. behaviorald. humanistic
149. A famous psychologist argues that human behavior is largely shaped by behavior
patterns that are genetically inherited and encoded into our nervous systems and are
consistent across a wide variety of situations. This psychologist is most likely a ______.
a. psychodynamic theoristc. cognitive theorist
b. behavioral theoristd. trait theorist
150. Cattell has demonstrated that when people are rated on a large number of characteristics,
a. the characteristics tend to cluster into groups
b. the people tend to seem more alike than different
c. all traits can be collapsed into two dimensions