131.are high-level needs and include achievement, recognition, responsibility, and opportunity : 1402270
131.are high-level needs and include achievement, recognition, responsibility, and opportunity for growth.
132.theories explain how workers select behavioral actions to meet their needs and determine whether their choices were successful.
133.theory proposes that managers can increase motivation by setting specific, challenging goals that are accepted as valid by subordinates, then helping people track their progress toward goal achievement by providing timely feedback.
134.theory focuses on an individual's perceptions of how fairly he or she is treated relative to others.
135.A state of exists whenever the ratio of one person's outcomes to inputs equals the ratio of another's outcomes to inputs.
136.theory suggests that motivation depends on individuals' expectations about their ability to perform tasks and receive desired rewards.
137.involves whether putting effort into a task will lead to high performance.
138.involves whether successful performance will lead to the desired outcome.
139.is the value of outcomes, or attraction for outcomes, for the individual.
140.A motivation theory based on the relationship between a given behavior and its consequences is called the .