12. Cognitive explanations hold that depression results from specific, negative ways of thinking about one’s situation. Explain this approach.
13. Throughout history, societies have recognized and feared the few members in their midst who lack all human connection to anyone else. What diagnostic category is used to refer to these types of individuals? Describe some of the physiological contributions to this disorder.
14. Learning theorists suggest that alcoholism depends on learning and culture. What four arguments support this view? Analyze each argument.
15. Why are many psychologists skeptical about the number of individuals who are given the diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder?