11.What disorder includes the following characteristics: short, stocky build; flat
11.What disorder includes the following characteristics: short, stocky build; flat face; a large tongue; extra fold of skin on the eyelids; and possible cognitive deficits, hearing impairments, and heart defects?
12.What helps children with trisomy-21 develop more favorably?
a.hormone replacement therapy
b.weekly motor treatments
c.a heart transplant
d.supportive and encouraging parents
13.Adult individuals with trisomy-21 are _____.
a.often able to hold a job that is highly structured with simple tasks
b.most likely institutionalized
c.not likely to make it to age 30
d.as likely as individuals who do not have trisomy-21 to enter college
14.Individuals who have what disorder are more likely to develop leukemia, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, or heart disease at earlier ages than usual (in their thirties and forties)?
15.Children born with chromosomal problems are almost always born to parents with ____.
a.the very same chromosomal problem
b.similar genetic disorders
c.above average intelligence
d.no genetic or chromosomal problems
16.Which of the following increases the risk of having a child with Down syndrome?
a.smoking while pregnant
17.How old are the ova of a 42 year-old woman trying to conceive?
18.Many countries have a lower rate of pregnancies resulting in spina bifida because ____.
a.iodine is added to table salt
b.fluoride is added to drinking water
c.folic acid is added to grain products
d.school immunizations are required
19.Which of the following are three techniques used to monitor pregnancy?
a.fetal heart rate, blood pressure, and CT scans
b.ultrasounds, amniocentesis, and chorionic villus sampling
c.genetic counseling, amniocentesis, and epidural
d.fMRI, CT, and PET scans
20.What prenatal technique uses high-frequency waves to examine the characteristics of the fetus in-utero?
b.chorionic villus sampling