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11) Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the putting-out system? A) Merchant capitalists controlled production.

B)Merchants thought in terms of national markets.

C)Business owners controlled workers.

D)Apprenticing became more important.

12) For what group was the putting-out system the most beneficial?

A)farm families

B)young apprentices


D)middle-class women

13) By 1850, the American transportation network mainly ran: A) from North to South.

B)from the Northeast to the Midwest.

C)along rivers.

D)along the coast.

14) In 1850, a person wanting to go from Raleigh to Nashville: A) would have taken a circuitous road route.

B)could use a direct rail line.

C)would have gone by way of St. Louis.

D)could take a train to Memphis rather than a road to Nashville.

15) In it early days, Lowell was unique in that it: A) used entire families as workers.

B)was far larger than other mills.

C)used steam rather than water power.

D)was owned by the workers.

16) Francis Cabot Lowell and Paul Moody changed textile manufacturing with their invention of a/an:

A)power loom.

B)carding machine.

C)assembly line.

D)power sewing machine.

17) Which one of the following was NOT true of rural mills such as Slater’s? A) Children made up 50 percent of workers.

B)More than one worker per family was usually a necessity.

C)Rural farming communities welcomed mill communities.

D)The economic benefits to the community were considerable.

18) The British dubbed this “the American system of manufactures.”

A)unionized factories

B)family mills

C)interchangeable parts

D)precise timekeeping

19) The Old Northwest was an area of commercial farming from 1800 onward because: A) farmers needed cash to purchase land.

B)supplying settlers moving further west became a major business.

C)cotton was the main crop.

D)most farmers used the barter system.

20) Which group gained the LEAST from industrialization?

A)young women

B)recent immigrants

C)skilled male workers

D)propertyless people



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