11. Which of the following suggested by Sternberg in his theory : 1385830
11. Which of the following is suggested by Sternberg in his theory on love?
A. The different combinations of the three components vary over the course of relationships.
B. Sternberg proposes that love is not a necessary ingredient of marriage.
C. The love we feel for our parents, other family members, and even some close friends belongs to the category of passionate love.
D. Relationships are happiest in which the strength of the various components are different between the two partners.
12. Based on Sternberg's theory of love, which of the following is true?
A. Relationships are happiest in which the strength of the various components are similar between the two partners.
B. Companionate love includes intense physiological arousal, psychological interest, and caring for the needs of another.
C. The intimacy component of love includes initial thoughts that one loves someone and the longer-term feelings of commitment to maintain love.
D. The different combinations of the three components of love remain stable over the course of relationships.
13. According to instinct theories of aggression, which of the following is true?
A. The shorter the energy builds up, the greater the amount of the aggression displayed when it is discharged.
B. Aggression is primarily the outcome of innate—or inborn—urges.
C. Aggression includes both intentional and unintentional injury to another person.
D. Instinct theories note the prevalence of aggression in animals but not in humans.
14. Which of the following was suggested by ethologist Konrad Lorenz regarding aggression?
A. Lorenz argued that aggression is a primary instinctual drive observed only in animals.
B. Lorenz believed that society should offer people acceptable ways of permitting catharsis.
C. Lorenz said that the shorter the energy builds up, the greater the amount of the aggression displayed when it is discharged.
D. Lorenz suggested that participation in aggressive sports and games would encourage the discharge of aggression in less socially desirable ways.
15. According to instinct theories of aggression, which of the following statements is most likely to be true regarding aggression?
A. We have pent-up aggression that needs to be released on a regular basis.
B. Most children are not influenced by watching violent shows on TV.
C. We have very little influence over our own aggressive behavior.
D. Certain stimuli act as aggressive cues, making aggressive acts much more likely when the cues are present.
16. The likelihood that an individual will help someone in an emergency situation is _____ correlated with the number of other people present.
17. Which of the following is true of people's tendency to help someone in an emergency?
A. When more than one person witnesses an emergency situation, the sense of diffusion of responsibility reduces among the bystanders.
B. The more people who are present in an emergency, the less personally responsible each individual feels.
C. When there are many potential helpers in an emergency situation, each individual feels substantial personal responsibility.
D. If there are many people present in an emergency situation, they believe that responsibility for intervening cannot be shared.
18. Roger was screaming for help as he was being beaten up by a group of muggers on a street. There were about 15 people standing nearby. However, none of the bystanders come forward to help Roger. This scenario representing lack of help illustrates:
C. diffusion of responsibility.
19. The notion of a diffusion of responsibility is most usually applied to the study of:
A. group decision making.
B. prosocial behavior.
D. social influence.
20. While Jonathan was jogging in the park, he saw a small girl crying for help. He also saw many people standing nearby not taking any action. This made Jonathan wonder if the girl really needed help. According to one of the models of the helping process, which of the following steps was not followed by Jonathan that affected his helping behavior?
A. Noticing a person, event, or situation that may require help
B. Interpreting the event as one that requires help
C. Deciding on and implementing the form of helping
D. Assuming responsibility for helping