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11. Research using the Implicit Association Test reveals that _____% of

Question : 11. Research using the Implicit Association Test reveals that _____% of : 1385826

 

11. Research using the Implicit Association Test reveals that _____% of participants show a pro-white bias. This _____ the results of research examining the activation of the amygdala in response to black faces. 

A. 50; supports

B. 50; refutes

C. 90; supports

D. 90; refutes

12. Which of the following statements is true of the Implicit Association Test? 

A. The test is based on questions such as, "Would you prefer interacting with a member of Group X rather than Group Y?" that typically identify the most blatant prejudices.

B. The test makes use of the fact that people's automatic reactions often provide the most valid indicator of what they actually believe.

C. The test was developed in part, as a reaction to the frank and uncensored responses of people regarding their racial attitudes.

D. The test proves that people cannot be prejudiced if they do not know that they are engaged in it.

13. Which of the following statements reflect a criticism that has been leveled against the Implicit Associations Test? 

A. The test measures only conscious racial attitudes.

B. The test requires people to directly report their racial feelings.

C. The biases that the test measures may not affect overt behavior.

D. The test proves that people cannot be prejudiced if they do not know that they are engaged in it.

14. Psychologists have found that prejudice and discrimination may be reduced by: 

A. decreasing contact among ingroup and outgroup members.

B. making values and norms against prejudice less conspicuous.

C. educating people about other groups.

D. encouraging stereotype vulnerability.

15. Courtney is enrolled in an advanced physics class at her high school. She is one of only three girls in the class and she is aware of the notion that girls are poorer at math and science than are boys. This knowledge may actually hinder Courtney's performance in the class as a result of: 

A. entrapment.

B. stereotype threat.

C. cognitive dissonance.

D. diffusion of responsibility.

16. Which of the following potential explanations is correctly paired with the process it reflects? 

A. Awareness of a negative view of ones' group generates anxiety, which impairs performance - stereotype threat

B. One sees high-status individuals, such as celebrities or athletes, receive reinforcement for reflecting stereotypes in their behavior - cognitive dissonance

C. Behavior is brought in line with a stereotype to reduce the tension created by the discrepancy between the stereotype and one's own experience - observational learning

D. A change in behavior in response to the commands of others - Conformity

Fill in the Blank Questions

17. _____ is a set of generalized beliefs and expectations about a particular group and its members. 

18. The _____ account of prejudice is supported by the fact that children as young as 3 show a preference for their own race. 

19. Fear of confirming a negative stereotype about one's group may hinder one's performance in a particular domain; this phenomenon is known as _____. 

 

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