11) A product-oriented layout would be MOST appropriate for which : 2034581
11) A product-oriented layout would be MOST appropriate for which one of the following businesses?
A) fast food
B) steel making
C) insurance sales
D) clothing alterations
E) a grocery store
12) The assumptions necessary for a successful product-oriented layout include all EXCEPT which of the following?
A) adequate volume for high equipment utilization
B) standardized product
C) volatile product demand
D) adequately standardized supplies of raw materials and components
E) All of the above are appropriate assumptions.
13) Which of the following is TRUE regarding fabrication lines?
A) They are the same thing as assembly lines.
B) They are the same thing as focused factories.
C) They are a special type of process-oriented layout.
D) They are usually machine-paced as opposed to worker-paced.
E) They require completely different line balancing techniques than do assembly lines.
14) The central problem in product-oriented layout planning is:
A) minimizing material handling within workstations.
B) minimizing labor movement between workstations.
C) equalizing the space allocated to the different workstations.
D) maximizing equipment utilization.
E) minimizing the imbalance in the workloads among workstations.
15) Which of the following is a disadvantage of product-oriented layout?
A) There is a lack of flexibility necessary for handling a variety of products.
B) High volume is required because of the large investment needed to establish the process.
C) Work stoppage at any one point can tie up the whole operation.
D) There is a lack of flexibility necessary for handling a variety of production rates.
E) All of the above are disadvantages of product-oriented layouts.
16) Which of the following is one of the main advantages of a product-oriented layout?
A) high customer exposure rates
B) employability of highly skilled labor
C) high flexibility
D) low capital cost
E) low variable cost per unit
17) In a product-oriented layout, what is the process of deciding how to assign tasks to workstations?
A) station balancing
B) process balancing
C) task allocation
D) assembly-line balancing
E) work allocation
18) In assembly-line balancing, the theoretical minimum number of workstations is:
A) the ratio of the sum of all task times to cycle time.
B) always (when a fraction) rounded upward to the next larger integer value.
C) not always possible to reach when tasks are actually assigned to stations.
D) all of the above.
E) none of the above.
19) In assembly-line balancing, cycle time (the ratio of available production time to scheduled production) is the:
A) minimum time that a product is allowed at each workstation.
B) maximum time that a product is allowed at each workstation.
C) inverse of the minimum number of workstations needed.
D) sum of all the task times divided by the maximum number of workstations.
E) equivalent of the maximum task time among all tasks.
20) A production line is to be designed to make 500 El-More dolls per day. Each doll requires 11 activities totaling 16 minutes of work. The factory operates 750 minutes per day. What is the required cycle time for this assembly line?
A) 0.5 minutes
B) 1.5 minutes
C) 2 minutes
D) 5,500 minutes
E) 4.26 minutes