11. A plaintiff must prove either knowledge of falsity or : 2132691
11. A plaintiff must prove either knowledge of falsity or reckless disregard for the truth to show malice.
12. An individual can be regarded as an all-purpose public figure if he or she is well known nationally, or well known exclusively in the geographic area (such a state or city) in which the libel was circulated.
13. Once a person is considered a public figure for purposes of a libel suit, he or she will always be regarded as a public figure in future libel cases, regardless of the subject matter of the subsequent libelous publication.
14. All elected government employees are regarded as public officials.
15. Individuals whose actions inadvertently or innocently push them into a public controversy are rarely regarded as public figures.