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1) The U.S. Constitution divides governmental authority into three branches

Question : 1) The U.S. Constitution divides governmental authority into three branches : 2151710

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) The U.S. Constitution divides governmental authority into three branches. Which one is NOT a branch of the U.S. government?

A) Legislative.

B) Judicial.

C) Jurisdictive.

D) Executive.

2) A system of government where power is constitutionally divided between a central governing body and various constituent units is known as:

A) Confederation.

B) Principle of Leniency.

C) Federalism.

D) Principle of Legality.

3) Which Amendment states "no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws"?

A) Fifth.

B) Second.

C) Fourteenth.

D) Eighth.

4) The ________ test states the law must be "narrowly tailored" to serve a "compelling" government interest.

A) Strict Scrutiny.

B) Intermediate Scrutiny.

C) Rational Basis.

D) Balanced Basis.

5) This test is used under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for classifications based on race.

A) Strict Scrutiny.

B) Intermediate Scrutiny.

C) Rational Basis.

D) Balanced Basis.

6) This test is used under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for classifications based on gender.

A) Strict Scrutiny.

B) Intermediate Scrutiny.

C) Rational Basis.

D) Balanced Basis.

7) This test is used under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for classifications which are not based on race or gender.

A) Strict Scrutiny.

B) Intermediate Scrutiny.

C) Rational Basis.

D) Balanced Basis.

8) Assume that a state decides to define a juvenile as someone under the age of 16, not the usual 18. Assume further that a 17-year-old committed robbery before the change. To suddenly try him or her as an adult could constitute a (n) ________ violation.

A) Malum prohibitum.

B) Ex post facto.

C) Stare decisis.

D) Malum in se.

9) This Supreme Court case raises the issue of whether an ex post facto violation occurs when the punishment scheme for an offense is altered after its commission.

A) Keeler v. Superior Court.

B) Garner v. Jones.

C) Winters v. New York.

D) Lynce v. Matthis.

10) A law will be ________ if it prohibits action that is protected by the Constitution.

A) Void for overbreadth.

B) Void for vagueness.

C) Void for equal protection.

D) Void for nebulousness.

11) Overbreadth cases frequently involve the ________ Amendment, which protects the freedom of religion, assembly, and speech.

A) First.

B) Eighth.

C) Second.

D) Fifth.

12) ________ is defamation by the written or printed word.

A) Seditious Speech.

B) Libel.

C) Group Libel.

D) Slander.

13) ________ is defamation by the spoken word.

A) Libel.

B) Seditious Speech.

C) Slander.

D) Group Libel.

14) ________ is an attack on the good reputation of another.

A) Slander.

B) Defamation.

C) Group Libel.

D) Libel.

15) ________ advocates rebellion against the government.

A) Group Libel.

B) Seditious Speech.

C) Slander.

D) Libel.

16) This Supreme Court case decided that the death penalty, as it was being carried out at the time, was unconstitutional.

A) Roper v. Simmons.

B) Coker v. Georgia.

C) Atkins v. Virginia.

D) Furman v. Georgia.

17) This Supreme Court case determined that the death penalty is not permitted for the rape of an adult.

A) Furman v. Georgia.

B) Roper v. Simmons.

C) Coker v. Georgia.

D) Atkins v. Virginia.

18) This Supreme Court case determined that the death penalty is not permitted for the rape of a juvenile.

A) Atkins v. Virginia.

B) Coker v. Georgia.

C) Kennedy v. Louisiana.

D) Gregg v. Georgia.

19) This Supreme Court case determined that a mentally retarded convicted defendant cannot be executed.

A) Atkins v. Virginia.

B) Kennedy v. Louisiana.

C) Coker v. Georgia.

D) Roper v. Simmons.

20) This Supreme Court case determined that if the defendant is under the age of eighteen when they commit the capital crime, they cannot be executed.

A) Coker v. Georgia.

B) Atkins v. Virginia.

C) Roper v. Simmons.

D) Furman v. Georgia.

21) Which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution addresses the issue of double jeopardy?

A) Eighth.

B) First.

C) Fifth.

D) Second.

22) For double jeopardy purposes, which is NOT considered a separate sovereign?

A) Each Native American Tribe.

B) Each State Government.

C) Counties within the same State.

D) The Federal Government.

23) Early English common law contains the foundations of the modern-day double jeopardy. The rule of ________ prohibited the retrial of a defendant who was found not guilty.

A) Malum in se.

B) Autrefois convict.

C) Autrefois acquit.

D) Malum prohibitum.

24) There are four main exceptions to the Blockburger rule. Which is NOT one of the exceptions?

A) Court Case is Dismissed by the Judge but the Defendant is not Acquitted.

B) Defense Plea Bargains over the Prosecution's Objection.

C) Court Hearing the First Offense Lacks Jurisdiction.

D) Conduct Committed after the First Prosecution.

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