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Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
Chapter 2: Means to an End: Computing and Understanding
Averages
Test Bank
Multiple Choice
1. The ______ is the value that best represents an entire group of scores.
a. mean
b. median
c. mode
d. average
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
2. All but which of the following are measures of central tendency?
a. median
b. mode
c. standard deviation
d. mean
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
3. Which measure of central tendency is considered the most precise?
a. mean
b. median
c. mode
d. average
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: In Sum . . .
Difficulty Level: Easy
4. The measure of central tendency considered the least precise is the ______.
a. median
b. mode
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
c. mean
d. average
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Easy
5. What should be used to determine central tendency?
a. a correlation
b. a graph
c. the standard deviation
d. the average
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
6. ______ consists of the middle point of a set of values.
a. Median
b. Mean
c. mode
d. Average
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
7. What is the most common average computed?
a. the mode
b. the mean
c. the variance
d. the median
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
8. What is the symbol used to represent the mean?
a. N
b. n
c. X
d. X
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
9. What is another term for the mean?
a. the midpoint
b. the frequency value
c. the arithmetic average
d. the distribution
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
10. The value most often used to represent an entire group of scores is the ______.
a. mode
b. N
c. median
d. mean
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
11. If a distribution is โsignificantly distorted,โ what is this called?
a. variability
b. outliers
c. skew
d. percentile
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
12. Measures of central tendency can also be described as ______.
a. statistical measures
b. measures of variability
c. averages
d. deviation scores
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Introduction
Difficulty Level: Easy
13. What is the formula for computing the mean?
a. ฮฃX + n
b. ฮฃY / X
c. ฮฃX / n
d. ฮฃN + y
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
14. The mean can also be described as the ______.
a. common mean
b. arithmetic mean
c. mode
d. weighted mean
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
15. Which of the following symbols represents the individual score?
a. X
b. n
c. N
d. ฮฃ
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
16. What does the ฮฃ symbol represent?
a. the mean
b. the sum of values
c. the sample size
d. an individual score
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
Difficulty Level: Easy
17. What is the Greek name for the letter ฮฃ?
a. phi
b. rho
c. sigma
d. alpha
Ans: C.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
18. Which of the following symbols represents sample size?
a. X
b. y
c. n
d. M
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
19. What does the symbol M represent?
a. mean
b. sample size
c. population size
d. individual score
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
20. If you know M = 5, and the sum of scores is 20, what is n?
a. 4
b. 0.25
c. 100
d. need more information
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
21. If ฮฃX = 4,390 and n = 4, what is M?
a. 17,560
b. 0.0100
c. 1097.5
d. Need more information
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
22. What is the mean value for the following scores: 10, 35, 40, 60, 55, 25, 50?
a. 45
b. 44.17
c. 40
d. 39.29
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
23. What is the mean value of the following scores: 12, 25, 15, 27, 32, 8?
a. 19.83
b. 21.24
c. 20.00
d. 19.98
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
24. What is the mean value of the following scores: 1.11, 1.17, 1.15, 2.02, 2.07, 3.11,
2.14?
a. 2.14
b. 2.07
c. 1.74
d. 1.82
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
25. What is the mean value of the following scores: 117, 132, 147, 156, 196?
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
a. 151.2
b. 149.6
c. 147.0
d. 148.7
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
26. Your current exam mean is 97.2. If you receive a 99 on the next exam, what will
happen to your mean?
a. It has no effect.
b. It will decrease
c. It will increase.
d. It cannot be determined.
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
27. Your current exam mean is 93.2. If you receive an 87 on the next exam, this will have
the effect of ______.
a. increasing your mean
b. decreasing your mean
c. having no effect on your mean
d. cannot determine
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
28. Your current exam mean is 95. If you receive a 95 on the next exam, your mean
______.
a. will increase
b. will decrease
c. will remain the same
d. cannot be determined
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
29. The measure of central tendency most influenced by outliers is the ______.
a. median
b. mode
c. mean
d. variance
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
30. What does N represent?
a. sample size
b. population size
c. sum of scores
d. mean score
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
31. What does n represent?
a. sample size
b. population size
c. sum of scores
d. mean score
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Easy
32. Which measure of central tendency is also known as the midpoint for a set of scores?
a. mode
b. mean
c. median
d. sum
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
33. Which of the following best describes the mode?
a. sum of all values in a group
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
b. midpoint in a set of scores
c. number of subject collected
d. most frequently occurring value(s)
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Easy
34. The mode will always consist of the ______.
a. number of cases in the category
b. name of the category
c. format of the category
d. size of the category
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
35. What is the mode of the following data: 47 Republicans, 49 Democrats, and 52
independents?
a. 52
b. 49
c. democrats
d. independents
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.4: Computing the mode for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
36. What is the mode of the following data: 57 males and 43 females?
a. 57
b. males
c. females
d. 43
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.4: Computing the mode for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
37. What is the mode of the following data: 52 bowls of spaghetti, 37 bowls of cereal, 14
sandwiches, and 17 personal pizzas?
a. 14
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
b. bowls of spaghetti
c. 52
d. sandwiches
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.4: Computing the mode for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
38. Which of the following defines the median?
a. sum of all values in a group
b. most frequently occurring value
c. average variability in a set of scores
d. midpoint in a set of scores
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
39. What is the median for the following amounts: $11.75, $12.75, $13.00, $10.75,
$11.50, $10.50, $10.75?
a. $11.50
b. $11.75
c. $11.57
d. $11.00
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
40. What is the median for the following amounts: $13,400; $17,560; $45,440; $68,550;
$96,400?
a. $13,400
b. $48,240
c. $45,440
d. $96,400
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
41. What is the median of the following set of scores: 23, 17, 15, 32, 38, 47?
a. 23
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
b. 32
c. 17.4
d. 27.5
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
42. What is the median of the following set of scores: 1.3, 4.7, 2.3, 3.3, 3.0, 2.9?
a. 2.95
b. 3.05
c. 2.90
d. 3.00
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
43. When there is an even number of scores, how is the median calculated?
a. It is the average of the two middle scores.
b. Use the smaller of the two middle scores.
c. Use the larger of the two middle scores.
d. The median cannot be calculated in this situation.
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
44. Regarding percentile points, what is the median also known as?
a. Q1
b. Q2
c. Q3
d. Q4
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
45. What is the 25th percentile also known as?
a. Q1
b. Q2
c. Q3
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
d. Q4
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
46. What is the 75th percentile also known as?
a. Q1
b. Q2
c. Q3
d. Q4
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
47. Market researchers sent out a survey to college students in Ohio to assess their
preferences regarding three different brands of honey. When examining the average
preference of the respondents, which measure of central tendency is most likely to be
used to describe them?
a. median
b. mean
c. mode
d. weighted mean
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: In Sumโฆ
Difficulty Level: Medium
48. What impact do extreme scores have on the median?
a. a positive skew
b. a negative skew
c. minimal impact
d. nullifies the value
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
49. Which of the following are used to define the percentage of cases equal to and below
a certain point in a distribution of scores?
a. T scores
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
b. Q points
c. standard scores
d. percentile points
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
50. A test score in the 97th percentile would be considered ______.
a. very high
b. very low
c. about average
d. cannot be determined
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
51. A test score in the 3rd percentile would be considered ______.
a. very high
b. very low
c. about average
d. cannot be determined
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
52. A test score in the 47th percentile would be considered ______.
a. very high
b. very low
c. about average
d. cannot be determined
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
53. Which measure of central tendency is used when you calculate the average of
individual income and find many extreme scores?
a. mean
b. median
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
c. mode
d. standard error
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
54. If you calculate the average of individual income and find no outliers, which measure
of central tendency should you use?
a. mode
b. median
c. mean
d. other
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
55. What is the meaning of the term skew regarding a set of data?
a. It is significantly distorted.
b. It has been divided.
c. It has been added.
d. It is equalized.
Ans: A
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Easy
56. Which of the following sets of data illustrates skew?
a. 2, 3, 5, 7, 9
b. 450, 472, 523, 547, 601
c. 23, 37, 42, 51, 147
d. 12, 14, 15, 17, 19
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
57. What is the preferred measure of central tendency using the following data: $32,400;
$42,500; $47,250; $49,570; $145,850?
a. mean
b. median
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
c. mode
d. weighted mean
Ans: B
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
58. What would be your preferred measure of central tendency if you had the following
data: $31,550; $33,750; $34,700; $37,550; $39,275?
a. median
b. mode
c. mean
d. average
Ans: C
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
59. What is the preferred measure of central tendency using the following data: 23
Americans, 57 Mexicans, and 14 Canadians?
a. mean
b. weighted mean
c. median
d. mode
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
60. What would be your preferred measure of central tendency if you had the following
data: 57 males and 23 females?
a. median
b. weighted mean
c. mean
d. mode
Ans: D
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
True/False
1. While there are three measures of central tendency, the mean, median, and mode are
all interchangeable anyway.
Ans: F
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Introduction
Difficulty Level: Easy
2. Use the mode as a measure of central tendency when the data are qualitative in nature.
Ans: T
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: In Sumโฆ
Difficulty Level: Easy
3. The nominal level of measurement is defined by categories.
Ans. T
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
Answer Location: A Rose by any Other Name: The Nominal Level of Measurement
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Medium
4. The nominal level can be the least precise level of measurement.
Ans: T
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: A Rose by any Other Name: The Nominal Level of Measurement
Difficulty Level: Medium
5. Nominal levels of measurements have categories that are not mutually exclusive.
Ans: F
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: A Rose by any Other Name: The Nominal Level of Measurement
Difficulty Level: Medium
6. The ordinal level of measurement stands for order.
Ans: T
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
Answer Location: Any Order Is Fine by Me: The Ordinal Level of Measurement
Difficulty Level: Medium
7. The interval level of measurement is based on some underlying continuum.
Ans: T
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: 1 + 1 = 2: The Interval Level of Measurement
Difficulty Level: medium
8. The ratio level of measure does not have an absolute zero on the scale.
Ans: F
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Can Anyone Have Nothing or Anything? The Ratio Level of
Measurement
Difficulty Level: Hard
9. The ratio level is the least precise level of measurement.
Ans: F
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: In Sumโฆ
Difficulty Level: medium
10. The more precise scales contain all the qualities of the scales below them.
Ans: T
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: In Sumโฆ
Difficulty Level: Medium
Short Answer
1. Why is the mean the most frequently used measure of central tendency?
Ans: When the distribution of scores is free of outliers (i.e., extreme scores), the mean
tends to be the most precise measure of central tendency.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: In sum . . .
Difficulty Level: Medium
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
2. What is the formula for calculating the mean? What does each of the symbols
represent?
Ans: ฮฃX / n, where ฮฃ represents summation, X represents individual scores, and n
represents the sample size.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.2: Computing the mean for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Computing the Mean
Difficulty Level: Medium
3. What is meant by the term outlier?
Ans: An outlier refers to any extreme scores in a data set.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Medium
4. When might the median be the more appropriate measure of central tendency over the
mean?
Ans: When there are extreme scores in a distribution, calculating the mean would result in
skewed results. The median provides a more accurate measure of the average.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Difficulty Level: Hard
5. What does the term bimodal mean?
Ans: Bimodal refers to a distribution of scores that has two different modes, or two scores
that occur most frequently.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.1: Understanding measures of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Apple Pie a la Bimodal
Difficulty Level: Medium
6. When is the mode the best measure of central tendency to use?
Ans: The mode should be used when working with categorical or nominal data (e.g.,
gender).
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.6: Selecting a measure of central tendency.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Mode
Difficulty Level: Medium
7. How would you calculate the median when you have an even number of scores?
Ans: Take the mean of the middle two values.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.3: Computing the median for a sample of scores.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Computing the Median
Instructor Resource
Salkind, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e
SAGE Publishing, 2020
Difficulty Level: Medium
8. When is the nominal level of measurement the correct level of measurement to use?
Ans: When we measure a variable that has categories like female or male, we can use the
nominal level of measurement.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: A Rose by Any Other Name: The Nominal Level of Measurement
Difficulty Level: Hard
9. When is the ordinal level of measurement the correct level of measurement to use?
Ans: When we measure a variable that has a ranking order like class ranking, we can use
the ordinal level of measurement.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Any Order is Fine With Me: The Ordinal Level of Measurement
Difficulty Level: Hard
10. When is the ratio level of measurement the correct level of measurement to use?
Ans: When we measure a variable that has the true zero on the scale like watching TV or
doing homework by hour, we can use the ratio level of measurement.
KEY: Learning Objective: 2.5: Understanding and applying scales or levels of
measurement.
REF: Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Can Anyone Have Nothing of Anything? The Ratio Level of
Measurement
Difficulty Level: Hard

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