# Test Bank For Statistics and Data Analysis for Nursing Research, 2nd Edition

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Chapter 2
Frequency Distributions: Tabulating and Displaying Data
2.1. A major purpose of constructing a frequency distribution with sample data is to:
a. Estimate a population parameter
b. Test a research hypothesis
*c. Get an organized view of an entire set of scores
d. Get experience with statistical software
2.2. In a frequency distribution, the two key informational components are:
*a. Score values (X), frequencies (f)
b. A horizontal (X) axis, a vertical (Y) axis
c. Frequencies (f), percentages (%)
d. Participant ID number (id), score values (X)
2.3. In a frequency distribution, which of the following is true?
a. ฮฃ N = %
b. ฮฃ N = f
c. ฮฃ f = %
*d. ฮฃ f = N
2.4. In the equation ฮฃ % = 100.0, the symbol ฮฃ signifies:
a. A percentage
*b. The sum of
c. A data value
d. A frequency
2.5. In a frequency distribution, percentages are sometimes called:
a. Proportions
b. Relative proportions
*c. Relative frequencies
d. Cumulative proportions
2.6. Data for which of the following variables is most likely to be presented in a grouped
frequency distribution?
a. Nursing specialty area
*b. Daily cholesterol intake
c. Number of abortions
d. Number of pets owned
2.7. The level of measurement for data appropriately presented in a bar graph is:
a. Interval or ratio
b. Nominal only
c. Interval only
*d. Nominal or ordinal
2.8. In a frequency distribution graph, frequencies are typically presented on the ____ and
data values are presented on the ____________. (Fill in the blanks.)
*a. Y axis, X axis
b. X axis, Y axis
c. f axis, N axis
d. N axis, f axis
2.9. Which of the following sets of data is not unimodal?
*a. 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5
b. 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4
c. 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5
d. 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9
2.10. Which of the following variables is most likely to be negatively skewed in a general
population?
a. Number of times arrested
*b. Age at retirement
c. Number of times married
d. Age at birth
2.11. A normal distribution is not:
a. Skewed
b. Leptokurtic
c. Platykurtic
*d. All of the above
2.12. A wild code is:
*a. A value that is impossible given the coding scheme
b. An outlier or high value
c. A code for which there is a very low frequency
d. A code for which there is a very high frequency
The next eight questions pertain to the following table (Table 2):
Table 2
Frequency
Number of
Percentage
Cumulative
Pregnancies of Study
Percentage
Participants
0
24
11.1
11.1
1
29
13.5
24.6
2
78
36.3
60.9
3
46
21.4
82.3
4
22
10.2
92.5
5
11
5.1
97.6
6
4
1.9
99.5
7
1
0.4
100.0
Total
215
100.0
2.13 In Table 2, the variable is _______ and the measurement level is _________. (Fill in the
blanks.)
a. Discrete, interval
*b. Discrete, ratio
c. Continuous, interval
d. Continuous, ratio
2.14. Table 2 is an example of a:
*a. Frequency distribution
b. Grouped frequency distribution
c. Class interval
d. Data matrix
2.15. In Table 2, the value of N is:
a. 24
b. 100.0
*c. 215
d. 7
2.16. In Table 2, the cumulative relative frequency for five or fewer pregnancies is:
a. 210
b. 199
c. 92.5
*d. 97.6
2.17. The best way to graph information in Table 2 would be to construct:
*a. A histogram
b. A pie chart
c. A bar graph
d. Either a pie chart or a bar graph
2.18. In Table 2, the distribution of data would be described as:
a. Symmetric
*b. Positively skewed
c. Negatively skewed
d. It cannot be determined.
2.19. In Table 2, the distribution of data would be described as:
*a. Unimodal
b. Bimodal
c. Multimodal
d. It cannot be determined.
2.20. In Table 2, the most likely number to be an outlier is:
a. 0
b. 1
*c. 7
d. 24

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