# Statistics For The Behavioral Sciences, 9th Edition Solution Manual

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Chapter 2: Frequency Distributions 1. X f โโโโ 10 3 9 6 8 4 7 2 6 3 5 1 4 1 โโโโ 2. X f p % โโโโโโโโโโโโ 9 2 0.10 10% 8 3 0.15 15% 7 5 0.25 25% 6 4 0.20 20% 5 3 0.15 15% 4 2 0.10 10% 3 1 0.05 5% โโโโโโโโโโโโ 3. a. n = 12 b. ฮฃX = 40 c. ฮฃX2 = 148 4. a. n = 14 b. ฮฃX = 35 c. ฮฃX2 = 107 5. a. X f 28-29 1 26-27 4 24-25 7 22-23 4 20-21 2 18-19 2 16-17 1 14-15 0 12-13 1 10-11 1 8-9 1 b. X f 25-29 8 20-24 10 15-19 3 10-14 2 5-9 1 Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 284 6. X 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 f 1 2 2 1 2 3 3 5 8 3 Younger drivers, especially those 20 to 29 years old, tend to get more tickets. 7. a. 2 points wide and around 8 intervals b. 5 points wide and around 12 intervals or 10 points wide and around 6 intervals c. 10 points wide and around 9 intervals 8. A regular table reports the exact frequency for each category on the scale of measurement. After the categories have been grouped into class intervals, the table reports only the overall frequency for the interval but does not indicate how many scores are in each of the individual categories. 9. A bar graph leaves a space between adjacent bars and is used with data from nominal or ordinal scales. In a histogram, adjacent bars touch at the real limits. Histograms are used to display data from interval or ratio scales. 10. a. X 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 f 1 0 1 3 1 2 5 4 2 1 Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 285 b. f 5 โ โโโโโ โ โ โ 4 โ โโโโโค โ โ โ โ โ 3 โ โ โ โ โโโโโ โ โ โ โ โ โ 2 โ โโโโโค โ โโโโโ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ 1 โ โโโโโค โ โ โ โโโโโค โโโโโ โโโโโ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โ โโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโ X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 11. 7โ 6โ โโโโโ 5โ โ โ 4โ โโโโโค โ f 3โ โ โ โโโโโ 2โ โ โ โ โ 1โโโโโโค โ โ โโโโโฌโโโโ โโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโโโดโโ 2 3 4 5 6 7 7โ 6โ ๏ท 5โ 4โ ๏ท 3โ ๏ท 2โ 1โ ๏ท ๏ท ๏ท โ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ๏พ 2 3 4 5 6 7 12. a. histogram or polygon (ratio scale) b. bar graph (ordinal scale) c. bar graph (nominal scale) d. histogram or polygon (ratio scale) e. bar graph (ordinal scale) Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 286 13. a. A bar graph should be used for measurements from an ordinal scale. b. 140 โ โ 120 โ โ 100 โ โ f 80 โ โ 60 โ โ 40 โ โ 20 โ โ โโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโ S M L XL XXL T-shirt size 14. A bar graph is appropriate for scores measured on an ordinal scale. 160 โ โ 140 โ โ 120 โ โ f 100 โ โ 80 โ โ 60 โ โ 40 โ โ โโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโ A B C D F Grade 15. a. โโโโ X f โโโโ 9 1 8 1 7 4 6 5 5 7 4 2 Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 287 โโโโ b. positively skewed โโโโ X f โโโโ 8 2 7 4 6 5 5 3 4 2 3 1 2 2 1 1 โโโโ 16. The distribution in negatively skewed. 17. a. โโโโโ X f โโโโโ 10 1 9 2 8 2 7 2 6 4 5 3 4 2 3 2 2 1 โโโโโ b. 4 f 3 2 1 โ โ ๏ท โ โ ๏ท โ โ ๏ท ๏ท ๏ท ๏ท ๏ท โ โ ๏ท ๏ท โ โโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโ X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 c. It is a fairly symmetrical distribution centered at X = 6. The scores are scattered across the scale. Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 288 18. 6 ๏ฝ ๏ฝ 5 ๏ฝ โ ๏ท โ – – – โ Unhappy ๏ฝ f 4 ๏ฝ ๏ทโโ๏ท Happy ๏ฝ 3 ๏ฝ โ ๏ท ๏ท ๏ฝ 2 ๏ฝ โ ๏ท โ ๏ฝ 1 ๏ฝ โ ๏ท ๏ท โ ๏ท ๏ฝ โโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโโ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Number of Friends Yes, it appears that the happy people tend to have more friends than the unhappy people do. 19. 20. โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ X f cf c% โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ 7 2 25 100 6 3 23 92 5 6 20 80 4 9 14 56 3 4 5 20 2 1 1 4 โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ a. The percentile rank for X = 2.5 is 4% b. The percentile rank for X = 6.5 is 92% c. The 20th percentile is X = 3.5. d. The 80th percentile is X = 5.5. โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ X f cf c% โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ 50-59 1 20 100 40-49 3 19 95 Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 289 30-39 6 16 80 20-29 5 10 50 10-19 3 5 25 0-9 2 2 10 โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ a. The percentile rank for X = 9.5 is 10% b. The percentile rank for X = 39.5 is 80% c. The 25th percentile is X = 19.5. d. The 50th percentile is X = 29.5. 21. โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ X f cf c% โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ 10 2 50 100 9 5 48 96 8 8 43 86 7 15 35 70 6 10 20 40 5 6 10 20 4 4 4 8 โโโโโโโโโโโโโโ a. The percentile rank for X = 6 is 30%. b. The percentile rank for X = 9 is 91% c. The 25th percentile is X = 5.75. d. The 90th percentile is X = 8.9. 22. a. The percentile rank for X = 15 is 17.5%. b. The percentile rank for X = 18 is 77.5%. c. The 15th percentile is X = 14.75. d. The 90th percentile is X = 19. 23. a. The percentile rank for X = 5 is 8%. b. The percentile rank for X = 12 is 85%. c. The 25th percentile is X = 7. d. The 70th percentile is X = 10. 24. a. The 30th percentile is X = 72. b. The 88th percentile is X = 93.5. c. The percentile rank for X = 77 is 40%. d. The percentile rank for X = 90 is 81%. Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 290 25. 1โ796 2โ0841292035826 3โ094862 4โ543 5โ3681 6โ4 26. a. 4 b. 72, 71, 78, and 74 c. 2 d. 46 and 40 27. 2 โ80472 3 โ49069 4 โ543976 5 โ4319382 6 โ5505 7 โ24 8 โ1 Solutions – Chapter 2 – page 291

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### Statistics For The Behavioral Sciences, 9th Edition Solution Manual

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